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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

Chapitre 2. Évolution de l’économie mondiale et des marchés financiers

Chapitre 2. Évolution de l’économie mondiale et des marchés financiers »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Ébranlée par la vaste crise financière née sur les marchés des pays avancés en 2007, l’économie mondiale s’est enfoncée en 2008–09 dans la récession la plus prof...

Chapitre 5. Finances, organisation et responsabilisation

Chapitre 5. Finances, organisation et responsabilisation »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

L’exercice qui s’est achevé le 30 avril 2009 a été marqué par de grandes réformes qui ont transformé le FMI en une institution plus légère aux activités recentré...

Chapitre 4. Modernisation du FMI

Chapitre 4. Modernisation du FMI »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Le prolongement de la crise financière a amené le FMI à intensifier et à réorienter ses activités de prêt et de renforcement des capacités. Le présent chapitre d...

Chapitre 3. Restaurer la stabilité financière mondiale

Chapitre 3. Restaurer la stabilité financière mondiale »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Le caractère extraordinaire de la crise financière internationale a mis en sérieuse difficulté la plupart des pays membres et a créé des risques systémiques à l’...

Chapitre 1. Vue d’ensemble

Chapitre 1. Vue d’ensemble »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

L’économie mondiale a traversé en 2008–09 une période d’instabilité financière sans précédent, qui s’est accompagnée de la récession économique et de l’effondrem...

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Like other socioeconomic systems, a health system is structured by state action or inaction to serve certain social purposes. A state makes conscious decisions in structuring the system to achieve certain ob...

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Basic Facts about the Health Sector Certain basic facts about the health sector and health care are not widely known. This section explains what macroeconomists should know on thi...

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Although specific issues confront nations at different stages of development, several issues confront all nations throughout the world. We first present the universal issues, then the ones for each stage....

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. The Need for a Guide for Macroeconomists Whether working on a low-income country or an advanced economy, it is important that macroeconomists be aware of issues in health economic...