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The Choice Between External and Domestic Debt in Financing Budget Deficits

The Choice Between External and Domestic Debt in Financing Budget Deficits »

Source: The Choice Between External and Domestic Debt in Financing Budget Deficits : The Case of Central and West African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Beaugrand , Montfort Mlachila , and Boileau Loko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451850215

Keywords: budget deficit financing, public debt, debt management, central bank, National Budget, Deficit, And Debt, macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook,

The paper reviews the principles and practical considerations involved in the choice between foreign and domestic financing of fiscal deficits, and derives a series of recommendations broadly applicable to Central...

Equatorial guinea: Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation

Equatorial guinea: Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Equatorial guinea : Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2005/150

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451815955

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, article

This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that monetary development in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea continues to be dominated by fiscal policy. Fiscal outcome was marked by an increase in the fiscal surplus...

Equatorial Guinea: Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Equatorial Guinea: Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Equatorial Guinea : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/385

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451815924

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, interest

The discussions for the 2003 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea were conducted in Malabo and Bata. Executive Directors expressed concern about the continued weakness in economic policy performance, macr...

External Sustainability of Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries

External Sustainability of Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: External Sustainability of Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert York , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902872

Keywords: external sustainability, oil-producing countries, sub-Sahara Africa, current account, current account balance, current account balances, current account deficits, current account surpluses, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

In the extensive empirical work carried out across the IMF on oil-producing sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, the notion of "sustainability" is often directed toward fiscal policies, and, in particular, views on...

Fiscal Surveillance in a Petro Zone

Fiscal Surveillance in a Petro Zone »

Source: Fiscal Surveillance in a Petro Zone : The Case of the CEMAC

Volume/Issue: 2004/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451842548

Keywords: macroeconomic surveillance, revenue collection, oil prices, fiscal balance, petroleum production, National Deficit Surplus, Energy: Government Policy, Congo,

This paper discusses fiscal surveillance criteria for the countries of the Central African Monetary and Economic Union (CEMAC), most of which depend heavily on oil exports. At present, the CEMAC's macroeconomic sur...

Fiscal Vulnerability and Sustainability in Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries

Fiscal Vulnerability and Sustainability in Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Fiscal Vulnerability and Sustainability in Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zaijin Zhan , and Robert York

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873214

Keywords: Oil reserves, permanent-income hypothesis, sustainability, primary deficit, oil-producing countries,

Over many years rises and fall of world oil prices have been repeatedly reflected in the boom-bust cycles in oil-exporting countries the world over. The recent spectacular rise and equally spectacular fall in price...

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea »

Source: Equatorial Guinea : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/385

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451815924

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, interest

The discussions for the 2003 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea were conducted in Malabo and Bata. Executive Directors expressed concern about the continued weakness in economic policy performance, macr...

IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea

IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea »

Source: Equatorial guinea : Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2005/150

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451815955

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, article

This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that monetary development in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea continues to be dominated by fiscal policy. Fiscal outcome was marked by an increase in the fiscal surplus...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2010 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2010 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea »

Source: Republic of Equatorial Guinea : 2010 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2010/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455207565

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, budget, public investment

This paper examines key findings of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea's 2010 Article IV Consultation. Real GDP has increased fortyfold since 1995, and large oil revenues have allowed the government to embark on an...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Equatorial Guinea »

Source: Republic of Equatorial Guinea : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Volume/Issue: 2009/102

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451816037

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, external debt, deficit

Economic growth in Equatorial Guinea recovered sharply in 2007. The opening of a new oil field in late 2006 and a liquefied natural gas facility in mid-2007, supported by increased public infrastructure spending, l...