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10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

This case study of Malawi illustrates a practical approach for assessing the impact of structural adjustment policies on poverty. Malawi initiated a structural adjustment program in 1987, which, since mid-19...

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

With a per capita income of about $200 in 1991, Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its population—50 million people—live in poverty. The most vulnerable groups include...

8 Colombia: Economic Adjustment and the Poor

8 Colombia: Economic Adjustment and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

In the mid-1980s, faced with a rapidly deteriorating economic and financial picture, Colombia undertook a strong adjustment program. By putting the economy on a sounder footing, the government felt that the...

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

The economic transformation of former centrally planned economies has been accompanied by large declines in output, significant changes in relative prices, and, at least initially, rapid increases in inflati...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

...

II Issues in the Design of Social Safety Nets

II Issues in the Design of Social Safety Nets »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

...

III Country Studies

III Country Studies »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

...

Inequality and Labor Market Institutions

Inequality and Labor Market Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Carolina Osorio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513577258.006

ISBN: 9781513577258

Keywords: Minimum wage, Inequality, top income shares, unions, labor market, union density, labor, unemployment, Equity, Justice

The SDN examines the role of labor market institutions in the rise of income inequality in advanced economies, alongside other determinants. The evidence strongly indicates that de-unionization is associated with r...

Mauritius
			: Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

Mauritius : Unemployment and the Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Yao , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874860.001

ISBN: 9781451874860

Keywords: institutions, wage, skilled labor, employment, labor demand, labor market, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this tr...

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run
			: the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run : the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2010/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Surico , Luca Ricci , and Pierpaolo Benigno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209590.001

ISBN: 9781455209590

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, downward wage rigidities, unemployment rate, employment, unemployment rates, rate of unemployment, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

We propose a theory of low-frequency movements in unemployment based on asymmetric real wage rigidities. The theory generates two main predictions: long-run unemployment increases with (i) a fall in long-run produc...