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2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market »

Source: Economic Policies and Unemployment Dynamics in Europe

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 1997

ISBN: 9781557755780

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, wage, bargaining

Unemployment IN (WEST) Germany remains low compared with that in other European countries. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, it has risen considerably since the 1970s, because employment growth has failed to keep...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : Selected Economic Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/71

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451811339

Keywords: unemployment, employment, wage, wages, salaries

This paper examines institutional reforms in Algeria during the 1990s. A major step toward price liberalization was taken in April 1994, through the abolition of controls on profit margins for most commodities, exc...

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

This case study of Malawi illustrates a practical approach for assessing the impact of structural adjustment policies on poverty. Malawi initiated a structural adjustment program in 1987, which, since mid-19...

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Australia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Volume/Issue: 2019/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484399019

Keywords: Economic growth, Credit, Unemployment, Fiscal policy, Employment, household debt;RBA;wage growth;interest-only;Haver

Australia experienced only a minor downturn after the end of the mining investment and commodity price boom but, as elsewhere, the adjustment and rebalancing has been slow, with below-target inflation and low wage...

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Australia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Volume/Issue: 2019/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484399019

Keywords: Economic growth, Credit, Unemployment, Fiscal policy, Employment, household debt;RBA;wage growth;interest-only;Haver

Australia experienced only a minor downturn after the end of the mining investment and commodity price boom but, as elsewhere, the adjustment and rebalancing has been slow, with below-target inflation and low wage...

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

With a per capita income of about $200 in 1991, Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its population—50 million people—live in poverty. The most vulnerable groups include...

Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies

Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies »

Source: Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1999/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas , and Chera Sayers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451856422

Keywords: workweek, overtime work, labor demand, labor supply, structural unemployment, employment, wage, worker, unemployment, wages

A reduction in the legal workweek may induce a degree of downward wage flexibility, while an employment subsidy to firms accommodates downward wage rigidity. It may be possible, therefore, to increase employment wi...

Centralized Bargaining, Efficiency Wages, and Flexibility

Centralized Bargaining, Efficiency Wages, and Flexibility »

Source: Centralized Bargaining, Efficiency Wages, and Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 1993/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , and Bob Rowthorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844191

Keywords: bargaining, wage, unemployment

The main focus of the “wage bargaining” literature has been on the factors promoting real wage flexibility at the macro level. This paper, in contrast, examines the microeconomic issues of wage bargai...

Chapter 4. Conséquences pour la politique économique et conclusions

Chapter 4. Conséquences pour la politique économique et conclusions »

Source: Expenditure Composition and Economic Development in Benin

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani , and Mohamed El Harrak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2010

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475507379

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic models, Government expenditures, Civil service, Labor markets, Public investment, Wage policy, wage, labor demand, unemployment

Les résultats de cette analyse présentent différentes limitations, en raison notamment du faible volume de données disponibles et de la marge d’erreur de l’évaluation de la performance d’une économie complex...