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Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure

Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

The Constitution Under Mongolia’s 1960 Constitution, which established the central role of the public sector and the MPRP, all land, natural resources, factories, transportation, and...

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Banking System Background and Structure Through August 1990 Mongolia has a monopolistic banking structure. The national bank was established in 1924 as...

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Balance of Payments Historically, Mongolia conducted external transactions within the context of the five-year plan. During the 1970s and first half of the 1980s, the CMEA area accou...

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Mongolia’s statistical base is comprehensive, although it emphasizes information related to real sector activities. Until recently, economic and financial data were maintained primarily to measure performanc...

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization »

Source: Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization : Evidence from India

Volume/Issue: 2011/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , Kalpana Kochhar , and Sanjaya Panth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218929

Keywords: banking reforms, financial liberalization, bank ownership, government securities, banking, investment in government securities, banking sector, state bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Do financial sector reforms necessarily result in expansion of credit to the private sector? How does bank ownership affect the availability of credit to the private sector? Empirical evidence is somewhat mixed on...

I. Political and Economic History

I. Political and Economic History »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Introduction Mongolia, a country with rich and ancient traditions, entered the twentieth century as a frontier province of China. Feudal rights and obligations defined the relationsh...

II. Initiation of Reform: 1985–90

II. Initiation of Reform: 1985–90 »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Background In 1985, Batmönh’s government instituted modest steps to improve economic management and reduce central control, while permitting some internal political dialogue. These c...

III. Impact of Reform

III. Impact of Reform »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Overview The impact on economic performance of the reforms initiated in 1985 was masked by a sustained period of dry weather during 1988–89, and by a deterioration in Mongolia’s exte...

Interventions in Banks During Banking Crises
			: The Experience of Indonesia

Interventions in Banks During Banking Crises : The Experience of Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2000/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974461.003

ISBN: 9781451974461

Keywords: Financial crisis, Banks, Indonesia, banking crisis, recapitalization, bank closures, banking sector, restructuring, state banks

Interventions in banks are often an integral element of a government’s program for addressing a systemic banking crisis. Interventions may be warranted because the banks are deeply insolvent or riddled with...

Vietnam
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Annex

Vietnam : Selected Issues and Statistical Annex »

Volume/Issue: 1998/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451840148.002

ISBN: 9781451840148

Keywords: state enterprises, banking, state enterprise, banking system, state bank, Viet Nam,

This Selected Issues paper on Vietnam contains background material on banking sector reform, state enterprise reform, external trade liberalization, and tax reform. The paper highlights that banking sector reforms...