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The Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305140.087

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064416.058

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran has received much attention from a geopolitical and regional standpoint, but its economic challenges have not attracted a similar degree of interest. With a population of 69 million, considerable hydrocarbon r...

Paraguay
			: Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064201.058

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

Following some historical background, this paper describes how corruption is manifested in Paraguay. The paper distinguishes between factors that explain the growth performance of Paraguay since 1960 (where corrupt...

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy
			: Prospects and Challenges

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy : Prospects and Challenges »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062580.084

ISBN: 9781589062580

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Trade, exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, employment, unemployment

China's transformation into a dynamic private-sector-led economy and its integration into the world economy have been among the most dramatic global economic developments of recent decades. This paper provides an o...

Yemen in the 1990s
			: From Unification to Economic Reform

Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060425.084

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The 1990s saw the unification of the two Yemens into one nation and a burgeoning of the country's oil sector. This paper examines the structural changes in the Yemeni economy brought about by these and other develo...

Capital Controls
			: Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758743.084

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This paper examines country experiences with the use and liberalization of capital controls to develop a deeper understanding of the role of capital controls in coping with volatile capital flows, as well as the is...

The Lao People's Democratic Republic
			: Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755605.084

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Faced with a steadily worsening economy, the government of the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic took its first steps toward reforming its centrally planned economy in December 1979. The reform process gathered momen...

Mexico
			: The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753120.084

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

This paper explores the reasons behind the recent transformation and upturn of the Mexican economy. the changes are the result of the authorities' determination to stick with a difficult reform program since the ea...