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Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking Senegal’s Financial Sector: What do International Comparisons Tell Us?

Chapter 2. Benchmarking Senegal’s Financial Sector: What do International Comparisons Tell Us? »

Source: Senegal : Financial Depth and Macrostability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Christina Kolerus

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475534139

Keywords: Financial systems, Financial stability, Financial sector, Banks, Private sector, Public sector, Microfinance, banking, financial system, banking system

Methodology of the Benchmarking Exercise The benchmarking exercise allows an assessment of Senegal’s financial sector performance with respect to depth, breadth, access, and efficien...

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

Financial systems in the ACTs could gain significantly from reforms that foster financial stability and development. Although banks are sizeable, competition remains limited, with significant state ownership...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 4. Further Deepening with Stability: Obstacles and Recommendations

Chapter 4. Further Deepening with Stability: Obstacles and Recommendations »

Source: Senegal : Financial Depth and Macrostability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Christina Kolerus

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475534139

Keywords: Financial systems, Financial stability, Financial sector, Banks, Private sector, Public sector, Microfinance, banking, financial system, banking system

The development of the financial system should be pursued forcefully in a way that preserves financial stability. Financial systems play a crucial role in facilitating growth and helping reduce vulnerability...

Chapter 3. Gains from Further Financial Deepening11

Chapter 3. Gains from Further Financial Deepening11 »

Source: Senegal : Financial Depth and Macrostability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Christina Kolerus

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475534139

Keywords: Financial systems, Financial stability, Financial sector, Banks, Private sector, Public sector, Microfinance, banking, financial system, banking system

Impact on the Private Sector: Dealing with Volatility and Financing Growth Shallow financial markets make it more difficult for firms and households to access financial services, lea...

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 1 Introduction »

Source: Expenditure Composition and Economic Development in Benin

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani , and Mohamed El Harrak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455266364

Keywords: Civil service, Economic growth, Benin, Economic models, Government expenditures, Labor markets, Public sector, Public investment, Wage policy, Wages

In pursuit of their growth and development strategy, the Beninese authorities aim to step up public investment in infrastructure and human capital over the medium term (Table 1). Th...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...