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Chapter 22. Albania: Building Resilience Just in Time

Chapter 22. Albania: Building Resilience Just in Time »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Albania experienced two crises in little more than a decade that could not have panned out more differently: collapsing pyramid schemes in 1997 triggered widespread...

Chapter 9. Belarus: A Tale of Missed Opportunities

Chapter 9. Belarus: A Tale of Missed Opportunities »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Throughout the two decades following the breakup of the former Soviet Union, Belarus retained many elements of the central planning system. It reported rapid growth...

Chapter 13. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Containing the Fallout with International Assistance

Chapter 13. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Containing the Fallout with International Assistance »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

The global crisis exposed the fragility of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s growth, which relied on ample foreign-financed credit, inward remittances, and donor-financed rec...

Chapter 20. Bulgaria: Surviving the Crisis on Its Own

Chapter 20. Bulgaria: Surviving the Crisis on Its Own »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Bulgaria entered the crisis with the largest current account deficit in emerging Europe and significant currency mismatches on balance sheets. Nonetheless, it manage...

Chapter 21. Croatia: Averting Financial Crisis but Struggling to Become Competitive

Chapter 21. Croatia: Averting Financial Crisis but Struggling to Become Competitive »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Croatia entered the global financial crisis with an unsustainable growth model characterized by strong domestic demand and current account deficits, financed by cred...

Chapter 18. Estonia: Making a Run for the Euro

Chapter 18. Estonia: Making a Run for the Euro »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Severe precrisis overheating meant that Estonia could not escape a sharp subsequent economic contraction. However, policy buffers, contingency planning, early policy...

Chapter 23. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Weathering the Storm Rather Well

Chapter 23. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Weathering the Storm Rather Well »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Macedonia came through the global economic crisis better than most countries in the region. Precrisis excesses were largely avoided, reflecting limited international...

Chapter 4. From Stabilization to Recovery

Chapter 4. From Stabilization to Recovery »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

The Rebound of Financial Markets By early 2009, the panic that had gripped global financial markets began to abate (Figure 4.1). Global equity prices rebounded, risk aversion decline...

Chapter 2. Gathering Clouds: August 2007–September 2008

Chapter 2. Gathering Clouds: August 2007–September 2008 »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

For the first year after the start of the global crisis in August 2007—until the default of Lehman Brothers in September 2008—emerging Europe seemed to be little affected by the glo...

Chapter 5. How Meltdown Was Avoided

Chapter 5. How Meltdown Was Avoided »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

In the aftermath of the Lehman Brothers’ collapse, emerging Europe was largely spared currency and banking crises, although it could not avoid a deep recession. At the time this was...