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Appendix Tables

Appendix Tables »

Source: Who Will Pay? Coping with Aging Societies, Climate Change, and Other Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2003

ISBN: 9781589062238

Keywords: pension, fiscal policy, tax rates, public debt, fiscal sustainability

Table A.1. Sources of Long-Term Fiscal Pressure: United States and Canada Sources of Pressure...

7 Autonomous Sovereign Debt Management Experience

7 Autonomous Sovereign Debt Management Experience »

Source: Sovereign Assets and Liabilities Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2000

ISBN: 9781557756947

Keywords: debt, debt management, public debt, interest, central bank

Numerous governance and structures are possible for sovereign debt management agencies. While each has its own strengths, a number of common characteristics run through many of them. This paper discusses the...

9 Central Bank Reserves Management

9 Central Bank Reserves Management »

Source: Sovereign Assets and Liabilities Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2000

ISBN: 9781557756947

Keywords: debt, debt management, public debt, interest, central bank

This paper opens discussion of the second part of the subject matter of the conference, namely asset management for sovereigns. Previous papers have concentrated on liability management, and have necessarily...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal outturns often differ substantially from budget or other fiscal projections, owing to shocks such as deviations of economic growth from expectations, terms of trade shocks, natural disast...

CHAPTER 2: Sources of Fiscal Risk

CHAPTER 2: Sources of Fiscal Risk »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal risks—deviations of fiscal outcomes from what was expected at the time of the budget or other forecast—arise from macroeconomic shocks and the realization of contingent liabilities. Sourc...

Comments on de Fontenay and Jorion

Comments on de Fontenay and Jorion »

Source: Sovereign Assets and Liabilities Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2000

ISBN: 9781557756947

Keywords: debt, debt management, public debt, interest, central bank

“Foreign Currency Liabilities in Debt Management” addresses two main issues. First, how much foreign currency debt a country should have (if any). And second, if a country has foreign currency debt, what its...

Comments on Dooley

Comments on Dooley »

Source: Sovereign Assets and Liabilities Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2000

ISBN: 9781557756947

Keywords: debt, debt management, public debt, interest, central bank

The paper by Michael Dooley provides a useful overview of the theory of sovereign asset and liability management (ALM). Countries face a wide menu of choices for their debt. At the most basic level, their ch...