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CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

Chapter 5. Debt Sustainability in the WAEMU16

Chapter 5. Debt Sustainability in the WAEMU16 »

Source: Responding to Shocks and Maintaining Stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christina Kolerus , Aleksandra Zdzienicka , Ermal Hitaj , and Douglas Shapiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484341186

Keywords: External shocks, Cross country analysis, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal stability, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, monetary union, debt sustainability

Thanks to debt relief, all West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries now have public debt—to-GDP ratios way below 70 percent, the ceiling set by the...

Chapter 4. External Stability Assessment13

Chapter 4. External Stability Assessment13 »

Source: Responding to Shocks and Maintaining Stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christina Kolerus , Aleksandra Zdzienicka , Ermal Hitaj , and Douglas Shapiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484341186

Keywords: External shocks, Cross country analysis, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal stability, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, monetary union, debt sustainability

The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) current account deficit has hovered around 5percent of GDP during the last decade and has been financed mainly by aid and foreign direct inve...

Chapter 3. Fiscal Discipline in the WAEMU: Rules and Markets12

Chapter 3. Fiscal Discipline in the WAEMU: Rules and Markets12 »

Source: Responding to Shocks and Maintaining Stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christina Kolerus , Aleksandra Zdzienicka , Ermal Hitaj , and Douglas Shapiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484341186

Keywords: External shocks, Cross country analysis, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal stability, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, monetary union, debt sustainability

This chapter explores the extent to which rules and market discipline are effective in ensuring fiscal sustainability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). After evaluating th...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...

Chapter I: Introduction

Chapter I: Introduction »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter “Swaziland”) is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy heavily d...

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

Swaziland is highly interconnected with South Africa and with the global economy. As the global economy faces higher risks of adverse shocks, Swaziland may be affected by spillover effects. These shocks woul...

Chapter III: Swaziland’s External Vulnerabilities: The Fiscal Origin

Chapter III: Swaziland’s External Vulnerabilities: The Fiscal Origin »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

A. Swaziland’s Fiscal Position Remains Vulnerable and Inadequate to Reduce Poverty The fiscal position has improved owing to the windfall transfer from SACU for fiscal year 2012/13 (...

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal outturns often differ substantially from budget or other fiscal projections, owing to shocks such as deviations of economic growth from expectations, terms of trade shocks, natural disast...