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Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing »

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934861.001

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

The Italian Public Pension System
			: Current Prospects and Reform Options

The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options »

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845150.001

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922790.001

ISBN: 9781451922790

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

Italy’s pension system was reformed in August 1995. The new system has various desirable long-run properties and, overall, it represents an improvement over earlier systems. However, it fails to address two...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

The Italian Public Pension System

The Italian Public Pension System »

Source: The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy »

Source: The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

Volume/Issue: 1997/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922790

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

Italy’s pension system was reformed in August 1995. The new system has various desirable long-run properties and, overall, it represents an improvement over earlier systems. However, it fails to address two...