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Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1 »

Source: China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484370117

Keywords: Europe, Norway, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, Debt Sustainability, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, General, Governmental Loans and Credits, Norway

Based on a permanent income analysis, Gagnon (2018) has prominently suggested that Norway has saved too much, thereby free-riding on the rest of the world for demand. Our public sector balance sheet analysis comes...

Demographic Changes in Latin America

Demographic Changes in Latin America »

Source: Demographic Changes in Latin America : The Good, the Bad and …

Volume/Issue: 2017/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Marco Espinosa-Vega , and Diego Wachs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475594775

Keywords: Aging, Government expenditures and health, public pension spending, public healthcare spending, pension system reforms, Social Security and Public Pensions, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

The paper develops a simple, integrated methodology to project public pension cash flows and healthcare spending over the long term. We illustrate its features by applying it to the LAC5 (Argentina, Brazil, Chile,...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1 »

Source: Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance

Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance »

Source: Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance

Volume/Issue: 2018/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hua Chai , and Jun Il Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385876

Keywords: Capital flows, Foreign exchange, Current account, Aging, Investment, Pensions, Private savings, Public sector savings, Demographic indicators, demographics

This paper studies the effect of demographic change on national saving, global interest rates, and international capital flows, focusing on the role of the public pension system. We develop a small open economy ove...

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet : A Novel Approach to Analysis of Public Finance

Volume/Issue: 2018/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maren Brede , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484349885

Keywords: Finland, Debt sustainability, Europe, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

We construct a comprehensive public sector balance sheet for Finland from 2000 to 2016 by complementing general government statistics with data on public corporations and public pensions. We show that exposure to v...

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts
			: A Granular Approach

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts : A Granular Approach »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , and Wei Shi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536072.061

ISBN: 9781475536072

Keywords: Government spending, Health care spending, Population growth, Demographic transition, Age-related spending, Revenues, Pensions, Poland, Korea, Republic of, Asia and Pacific

Over the next few decades, the world will experience significant demographic shifts, with material fiscal implications. In many advanced and emerging market economies, aging populations will lead to higher spending...

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil »

Source: Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2017/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , Izabela Karpowicz , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475595550

Keywords: Brazil, Pensions, Government expenditures and health, Aging, Western Hemisphere, Health, fiscal consolidation, Social Security and Public Pensions, Demographic Trends and Forecasts

In recent decades, population has been aging fast in Brazil while old age pensions and healthrelated spending have increased. As the population ages, the spending trend threaten to reach unsustainable levels absent...

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts »

Source: How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts : A Granular Approach

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , and Wei Shi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536072

Keywords: Government spending, Health care spending, Population growth, Demographic transition, Age-related spending, Revenues, Pensions, Poland, Korea, Republic of, Asia and Pacific

Over the next few decades, the world will experience significant demographic shifts, with material fiscal implications. In many advanced and emerging market economies, aging populations will lead to higher spending...