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1 Banks

1 Banks »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

Traditionally, the core functions of banking were to (1) accept money from, and collect checks for, customers; (2) honor checks for orders drawn on them by customers; (3) keep current accounts, or something...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354138.084

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Considerations for Pension Reform

Considerations for Pension Reform »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Pension reforms should (1) contribute to fiscal consolidation efforts, (2) address equity issues, and (3) support economic growth. The objective of public pensions is to provide retirement income security wi...

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax*

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax* »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

The value-added tax (VAT) has been adopted in over 100 countries. While the VAT base has been expanded in many countries to cover a wider range of goods and services, most countries with a VAT have not broug...

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

This chapter analyzes historical trends in public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. These trends must be observed against the backdrop of gradual population aging. During 1970–2010...

4 Innovative Financial Instruments

4 Innovative Financial Instruments »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

The term “innovative financial instruments” is generally taken to mean financial derivatives. A financial derivative (henceforth, simply derivative) is a financial instrument whose price depends on, or is de...

2 Insurance Companies

2 Insurance Companies »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

Insurers are important financial intermediaries. They play a significant role in the financial system as vehicles for savings (policy premiums are not used immediately to meet claims; they are instead invest...

Le casse-tête des retraites

Le casse-tête des retraites »

Source: Le casse-tête des retraites : Impératifs et choix des régimes de retraite

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): N. Barr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061460

Keywords: pension, pensions, pension systems, funded schemes, pensioners, retirement, private pensions, pension scheme, state pension, pension system

Toutes les sociétés essaient, d’une manière ou d’une autre, de subvenir aux besoins des personnes qui, l’âge venant, ne peuvent plus y parvenir elles-mêmes. À mesure qu’ils se dével...

The Outlook for Public Pension Spending

The Outlook for Public Pension Spending »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Population aging will accelerate markedly in advanced and emerging market economies over the coming decades and will put additional pressure on age-related spending for years to come. This chapter presents p...