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Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757111.071

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa improved considerably in 1996, and remained favorable in 1997. This paper, by Mohamed A. El-Erian and Susan Fennell, presents an assessment of the recent experience o...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

5.1 Introduction Macroeconomic stability is important for long-term growth and the literature has discussed several channels through which volatility can reduce growth....

Fiscal Sustainability with Non-Renewable Resources1

Fiscal Sustainability with Non-Renewable Resources1 »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability with Non-Renewable Resources

Volume/Issue: 1998/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451844351

Keywords: Fiscal sustainability, non-renewable resource, oil producers, terms of trade, fiscal position, oil prices, fiscal policies

This paper assesses sustainable fiscal behavior in an economy where wealth is derived predominantly from a non-renewable resource. It explores the issue in a simple dynamic framework that highlights the structural...

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has continued to strengthen in 1997, notwithstanding particularly difficult situations in certain individual economies. 1 An...

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

A. Overview As recognized by governments throughout the region, sustaining a high rate of growth is the primary economic challenge facing the MENA economies. This is needed to enhanc...

III. The Intensification of Structural Reforms

III. The Intensification of Structural Reforms »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

A. Addressing Structural Impediments Full development of the economic potential of the region has in the past been constrained by macroeconomic instability and serious structural imp...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Kuwait

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Kuwait »

Source: Kuwait : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498372541

Keywords: investment, oil prices, market, central bank, public investment

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic activity in Kuwait picked up in 2014. Non-oil growth is projected at 3.5 percent driven by a combination of continued increase in domestic consumption and...