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Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment*

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment* »

Source: Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries*

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries* »

Source: Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

I Introduction and Summary: Issues in Adjustment and Growth

I Introduction and Summary: Issues in Adjustment and Growth »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

Following the severe economic shocks—a sharp deterioration in the terms of trade and higher world interest rates—of the late 1970s and early 1980s and the ensuing debt crisis, a large number of developing co...

II Overview of Adjustment

II Overview of Adjustment »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

Under the IMF’s mandate, resolving member countries’ external financing problems must receive priority in IMF-supported programs; this objective, however, should be pursued with sensitivity toward the ultima...

III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth

III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This section draws upon cross-country evidence for as large a group of countries as possible, to examine some of the long-term influences on growth and the role of several policy-related variables. With the...

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment »

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938420.001

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578972.001

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

Public Investment as an Engine of Growth

Public Investment as an Engine of Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2014/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498378277.001

ISBN: 9781498378277

Keywords: Public Capital, Big Push, public investment expenditures, capital expenditures, public investments, public investment spending, Infrastructures, General,

This paper looks at the empirical record whether big infrastructure and public capital drives have succeeded in accelerating economic growth in low-income countries. It looks at big long-lasting drives in public ca...

IV Role of Macroeconomic Policies

IV Role of Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

Although initial internal and external conditions varied considerably across the eight countries, in most of them the need for adjustment stemmed from an excess of domestic demand over output that had led to...

IX Role of Labor Markets

IX Role of Labor Markets »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

The structure of labor markets can have a major impact on the transmission of adjustment policies to investment and growth, and the policies themselves also influence labor market developments. This section...