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3. Addressing the Infrastructure Deficit in Sub-Saharan Africa

3. Addressing the Infrastructure Deficit in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2014 : Staying the Course

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498386456

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic forecasting, Cross country analysis, Private investment, Regional Economic Outlook, Public debt, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Infrastructure

Introduction and Summary This chapter considers sub-Saharan African countries’ progress in recent years to address the large infrastructure deficit they face, trends...

APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer

APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

When PPPs result in limited risk transfer to the government, Eurostat and a number of countries classify PPP assets as government assets. Although this is not the ideal way to proce...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix provides an overview of experiences with PPPs in Chile, Ireland, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Chile 79...

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

International Accounting Standards International accounting standards specify the treatment of guarantees and other contingent liabilities for governm...

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix outlines the analytical approaches to modeling and estimating guarantees used in Chile and reports the results. The World Bank has provided technical assistance to the...

APPENDIX 2. The Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 Analytical Framework

APPENDIX 2. The Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 Analytical Framework »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

The GFSM 2001 analytical framework is a set of well-defined relationships that formally integrate flows and stocks. More specifically, the government’s opening and closing balance s...

2. Building Resilience in Fragile States in Sub-Saharan Africa

2. Building Resilience in Fragile States in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2014 : Staying the Course

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498386456

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic forecasting, Cross country analysis, Private investment, Regional Economic Outlook, Public debt, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Infrastructure

Introduction Fragile states—states in which the government is unable to reliably deliver basic public services to the population—face severe and entrenched obstacles to economic and...

Chapter 2. Government Guarantees and Fiscal Risk

Chapter 2. Government Guarantees and Fiscal Risk »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

PPPs often involve the use of government guarantees, which are a form of government intervention intended to reduce the financial costs of risks faced by the private sector and/or by other public sector enti...

Chapter 3. PPPs, Guarantees, and Debt Sustainability

Chapter 3. PPPs, Guarantees, and Debt Sustainability »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This chapter looks at the consequences of PPPs and guarantees for debt sustainability, focusing on the appropriate approach to debt sustainability analysis and the uncertainty created by guarantees....

Chapter 1. Public-Private Partnerships

Chapter 1. Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

There is no clear agreement on what does and what does not constitute a PPP. A PPP has been defined as “the transfer to the private sector of investment projects that traditionally have been executed or fina...