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Accumulating Foreign Reserves Under Floating Exchange Rates

Accumulating Foreign Reserves Under Floating Exchange Rates »

Source: Accumulating Foreign Reserves Under Floating Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fernando M. Gonçalves

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869576

Keywords: Foreign Reserves, Foreign Exchange Market, Floating Exchange Rate, inflation, monetary authority, inflation rate, foreign exchange,

Official accumulation of foreign reserves may be perceived as interventions to influence the exchange rate, undermining the credibility of floating exchange rates and inflation targets. This paper develops a theore...

Achieving a Soft Landing

Achieving a Soft Landing »

Source: Achieving a Soft Landing : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2008/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869316

Keywords: Business cycle stabilization, inflation, fiscal balance,

This paper utilizes an open-economy New Keynesian overlapping generations model to assess the extent to which fiscal policy, along side an inflation-forecast-based monetary policy, could enhance macroeconomic stabi...

Achieving and Maintaining Price Stability in Nigeria

Achieving and Maintaining Price Stability in Nigeria »

Source: Achieving and Maintaining Price Stability in Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2004/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451852059

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, price stability, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

This paper reviews the historical performance of monetary policy in Nigeria and discusses the relative merits of alternative monetary policy strategies that Nigeria could adopt in the future, once the many operatio...

Achieving Stabilization in Armenia1

Achieving Stabilization in Armenia1 »

Source: Achieving Stabilization in Armenia

Volume/Issue: 1998/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845662

Keywords: transition economy, fiscal impulse, monetary impulse, currency substitution, inflation, monetary policy, inflation tax, foreign currency, foreign exchange

This paper examines the evolution, and impact on stabilization, of macroeconomic policies in Armenia during 1994-96. Fiscal and monetary policies have been effective in stabilizing the Armenian economy and facilita...

Adding China to the Global Projection Model1

Adding China to the Global Projection Model1 »

Source: Adding China to the Global Projection Model

Volume/Issue: 2013/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Blagrave , Peter Elliott , Roberto Garcia-Saltos , Douglas Hostland , Douglas Laxton , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484317631

Keywords: Global Macroeconomic Model, inflation target, real interest rate, General, Global Outlook, General,

We extend the Global Projection Model (GPM) to include a separate block for China. China plays an important role in shaping global economic outcomes, given its sheer size and trade integration with other key econom...

Adding Indonesia to the Global Projection Model1

Adding Indonesia to the Global Projection Model1 »

Source: Adding Indonesia to the Global Projection Model

Volume/Issue: 2009/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Garcia-Saltos , Douglas Laxton , Michal Andrle , Haris Munandar , Charles Freedman , and Danny Hermawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451941715

Keywords: Macroeconomic Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, inflation, rate of inflation, real interest rate, Model Construction and Estimation,

This is the fifth of a series of papers that are being written as part of a larger project to estimate a small quarterly Global Projection Model (GPM). The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit to which ec...

Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model1

Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model1 »

Source: Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872323

Keywords: Macroeconomic Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, inflation, equation, forecasting, real interest rate,

This is the fourth of a series of papers that are being written as part of a larger project to estimate a small quarterly Global Projection Model (GPM). The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit to which e...

Adjustment and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa1

Adjustment and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa1 »

Source: Adjustment and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 1999/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dhaneshwar Ghura , Anupam Basu , and Anthony Calamitsis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451847093

Keywords: growth rates, inflation, real gdp, inflation rates, economic growth

This paper analyzes the factors affecting economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa, using data for 1981–97. The results indicate that per capita real GDP growth is positively influenced by economic policies tha...

Adjustment Uncertainty, Confidence, and Growth

Adjustment Uncertainty, Confidence, and Growth »

Source: Adjustment Uncertainty, Confidence, and Growth : Latin America After the Debt Crisis

Volume/Issue: 1989/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 1989

ISBN: 9781451947359

Keywords: inflation, fiscal adjustment, real wages, public debt, relative prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes

Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes »

Source: Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes : Some Steady State Comparisons

Volume/Issue: 1990/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): José Saúl Lizondo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1990

ISBN: 9781451951851

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, official exchange rate, real exchange rate

This paper compares two alternative dual exchange market regimes. In one of them, the official market clears through changes in international reserves, while in the other regime, the central bank implements a ratio...