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Beauty Queens and Wallflowers

Beauty Queens and Wallflowers »

Source: Beauty Queens and Wallflowers : Currency Unions in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2006/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Julian Berengaut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864861

Keywords: Currency Union, Optimum Currency Areas, inflation, monetary union, monetary fund, central bank, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

Against the background of the theory of optimum currency areas, the paper analyzes possible sequences for establishing a currency union (CU) in the Middle East and Central Asia region. Between the corner solutions...

Capital Inflows in the Baltic Countries, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Capital Inflows in the Baltic Countries, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Capital Inflows in the Baltic Countries, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union : Monetary and Prudential Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451921243

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange

Significant capital inflows were observed during the first half of 1995 in a number of FSU countries. This paper reviews the recent experience of those countries with significant inflows, examines policy responses...

Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union

Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1994/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848861

Keywords: inflation, monetary union, monetary fund, money supply, monetary authority, European II,

An unexpected shortage of banknotes emerged during 1992 in the former Soviet Union. The cash shortage is explained by the asymmetry in the monetary union that prevailed, under which one member (the Russian Federati...

Caucasus and Central Asia

Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, November 2012, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475510812

Keywords: exporters, oil, inflation, oil exporters, gas

Population, millions (2011) GDP per capita, U.S. dollars (2011) S...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Economic Activity Resilient, but Uncertainty Remains

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Economic Activity Resilient, but Uncertainty Remains »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, November 2012, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475510812

Keywords: exporters, oil, inflation, oil exporters, gas

The CCA countries continue to do well at safeguarding their recovery from the global crisis, and their economic outlook remains broadly favorable. This positive outl...

CCA Highlights

CCA Highlights »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, November 2012, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475510812

Keywords: exporters, oil, inflation, oil exporters, gas

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries continue to post a solid recovery from the global financial crisis, and the region’s economic outlook remains favorable. Resilient grow...

Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997

Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997 »

Source: Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997

Volume/Issue: 1999/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451842029

Keywords: Central bank independence, transition economies, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks, monetary fund

A higher degree of de jure autonomy and accountability of the central banks of the Baltic states, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union appears to be positively correlated with lower average inflat...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries »

Source: The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513571348

Keywords: External shocks, Russian Federation, Economic growth, Negative spillovers, Regional shocks, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Eastern Europe, Baltics, Regional trade, Remittances

Trade and remittances are the main channels of outward spillovers from Russia on neighboring countries (see Figure 1). Trade channel is particularly prominent in CIS and Baltic countries, given...

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries »

Volume: 15

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571348.087

ISBN: 9781513571348

Keywords: External shocks, Russian Federation, Economic growth, Negative spillovers, Regional shocks, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Eastern Europe, Baltics, Regional trade, Remittances

In the face of sharply lower oil prices and geopolitical tensions and sanctions, economic activity in Russia decelerated in late 2014, resulting in negative spillovers on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) a...