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3. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom

3. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

As a net commodity-exporting region, Latin America—and especially South America—has significantly benefited from the commodity price boom of recent years. At the current juncture, however, uncer...

3. Foreign Exchange Market Intervention: How Good a Defense Against Appreciation Winds?

3. Foreign Exchange Market Intervention: How Good a Defense Against Appreciation Winds? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Western Hemisphere : Watching Out for Overheating

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350659

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary policy

Emerging markets have increasingly relied on foreign exchange intervention to confront currency appreciation pressures arising from “easy external financing conditions.”Focusing on the last seve...

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Western Hemisphere : Watching Out for Overheating

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350659

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary policy

The global economy continues to expand, though heterogeneity and downside risks persist. The recovery in most advanced economies—where output remains below trend—is proceeding on...

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Global activity has slowed, and the expansion has become more uneven with increasing downside risks, accompanied by bouts of global financial market volatility. Although the transient factors th...

I. A Economia Mundial e as Perspectivas para os Estados Unidos e o Canadá

I. A Economia Mundial e as Perspectivas para os Estados Unidos e o Canadá »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Perspectivas mundiais A economia mundial continua a crescer com vigor, embora a recente turbulência nos mercados financeiros tenha reduzido as perspectivas de crescimento para 2008 e...

II. Perspectivas para a América Latina e o Caribe

II. Perspectivas para a América Latina e o Caribe »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Principais fatos e perspectivas A região tem conseguido superar as turbulências recentes do mercado, e as perspectivas econômicas para 2007–08 continuam, em geral, ba...

III. É Resistente a Expansão Econômica da América Latina?

III. É Resistente a Expansão Econômica da América Latina? »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Um dos fatos marcantes na história econômica da América Latina é a freqüência com que o processo de crescimento, após iniciar-se, sofre reveses. Os episódios de expansão normalmente são de curta duração e cu...

IV. O Crescimento da Receita e a Solidez das Posições Fiscais Subjacentes

IV. O Crescimento da Receita e a Solidez das Posições Fiscais Subjacentes »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Em muitos países da América Latina, os saldos fiscais tiveram uma melhora constante entre 2002 e 2006. Inicialmente, isso foi reflexo de uma redução das despesas em relação ao PIB, que chegaram ao seu patama...

2. Outlook and Policy Issues for Latin America and the Caribbean

2. Outlook and Policy Issues for Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Western Hemisphere : Watching Out for Overheating

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350659

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary policy

The region continues to grow at a robust pace, led by rapidly expanding domestic demand. Growth is projected to moderate this year, though a quicker withdrawal of monetary and fiscal policy stim...

2. Outlook and Policy Issues for Latin America and the Caribbean

2. Outlook and Policy Issues for Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Growth during the first half of 2011 was robust, supported by easy external financing, favorable terms of trade for commodity exporters, and lingering effects of past accommodative policies. How...