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Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758255.084

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

At the outset of their transition to a market economy, the social and economic indicators in the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union—Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Taj...

II Prereform Setting and Conditions

II Prereform Setting and Conditions »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The five former states of Soviet Central Asia—Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan—extend from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east, and from central Siberia...

III Growth, Employment, and Real Incomes

III Growth, Employment, and Real Incomes »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The differences in resource endowments and initial economic conditions influenced attitudes toward economic transformation in the Central Asian states. In 1992, Saparmurat Niyazov campaigned for the presiden...

A Markov-Switching Approach to Measuring Exchange Market Pressure

A Markov-Switching Approach to Measuring Exchange Market Pressure »

Volume/Issue: 2007/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868050.001

ISBN: 9781451868050

Keywords: Exchange market pressure, Markov-switching models, exchange rate, exchange rate movements, inflation, foreign exchange, foreign exchange market,

This paper characterizes exchange market pressure as a nonlinear Markov-switching phenomenon, and examines its dynamics in response to money growth and inflation over three regimes. The empirical results identify e...

IV Fiscal Adjustment

IV Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The public sectors of the Central Asian states still exhibit many of the characteristics of the former Soviet Union. Although the measured size of the public sector, relative to GDP, has been reduced in all...

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states during 1992–98 indicate considerable progress in the region, as a whole, toward establishing a sound macroeconomic environment, but mixed success w...

A Markov-Switching Approach to Measuring Exchange Market Pressure

A Markov-Switching Approach to Measuring Exchange Market Pressure »

Source: A Markov-Switching Approach to Measuring Exchange Market Pressure

Volume/Issue: 2007/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868050

Keywords: Exchange market pressure, Markov-switching models, exchange rate, exchange rate movements, inflation, foreign exchange, foreign exchange market,

This paper characterizes exchange market pressure as a nonlinear Markov-switching phenomenon, and examines its dynamics in response to money growth and inflation over three regimes. The empirical results identify e...