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Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes

Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes »

Source: Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes : Some Steady State Comparisons

Volume/Issue: 1990/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): José Saúl Lizondo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1990

ISBN: 9781451951851

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, official exchange rate, real exchange rate

This paper compares two alternative dual exchange market regimes. In one of them, the official market clears through changes in international reserves, while in the other regime, the central bank implements a ratio...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : 2011 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Supplement and Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455272525

Keywords: inflation, central bank, pension, pensions

Bolivia showed a solid macroeconomic performance in recent years, owing to its strong trade and prudent economic policies. IMF staff stressed the need to tighten monetary conditions through increasing the policy i...

Bolivia: External and Public Debt Sustainability Analysis

Bolivia: External and Public Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Bolivia : 2011 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Supplement and Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455272525

Keywords: inflation, central bank, pension, pensions

Bolivia showed a solid macroeconomic performance in recent years, owing to its strong trade and prudent economic policies. IMF staff stressed the need to tighten monetary conditions through increasing the policy i...

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Bolivia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 2015/334

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513588278

Keywords: central bank, monetary fund, poverty, inflation, exchange

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bolivia has achieved strong economic performance and poverty reduction over the past decade. Real GDP growth has averaged about 5 percent since 2006, and the povert...

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Bolivia : 2011 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Supplement and Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455272525

Keywords: inflation, central bank, pension, pensions

Bolivia showed a solid macroeconomic performance in recent years, owing to its strong trade and prudent economic policies. IMF staff stressed the need to tighten monetary conditions through increasing the policy i...

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Bolivia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Bolivia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 2015/334

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513588278

Keywords: central bank, monetary fund, poverty, inflation, exchange

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bolivia has achieved strong economic performance and poverty reduction over the past decade. Real GDP growth has averaged about 5 percent since 2006, and the povert...

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How?

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How? »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The promotion of sustainable economic growth is one of the principal objectives of ESAF-supported programs. This chapter examines the pattern of growth in ESAF countries over the past 10–15 years, drawing co...

CHAPTER 6 Inflation: The Case for a More Resolute Approach

CHAPTER 6 Inflation: The Case for a More Resolute Approach »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

This chapter begins with a review of inflation performance and arrives at a mixed assessment: the record on ending high inflation is satisfactory, but the record on achieving low (single-digit) inflation is...

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The extent of progress with respect to the objectives of the ESAF can be assessed from a variety of perspectives. The most commonly used in evaluations of adjustment programs are:...

CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform

CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Large, inefficient public enterprise sectors and distressed banking systems existed in virtually all of the 36 ESAF countries covered by this review and weighed heavily on the finances of the budget and priv...