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Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

This appendix describes a variety of QFAs that have been practiced in IMF member countries. Its intent is to give a flavor of the many forms that such practices can take; the countries whose experience is ci...

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Uruguay The history of QFA in the central bank and certain other PFIs since the early 1970s 50 can be divided roughly into three periods: the first,...

Chapter 4. Brazil’s Experience in Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls

Chapter 4. Brazil’s Experience in Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

This chapter presents Brazil’s experience in managing capital flows. It discusses the Brazilian authorities’ use of a broad range of instruments to deal with capital inflows, including foreign exchange (FX)...

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

A key tool to assess the equilibrium exchange rate is based on the estimation of the savings-investment balance (current account norms). These norms are projected on a set of macroeconomic fundamentals and d...

Chapter 8. Interest Rate and Exchange Rate Channels in Dollarized and Non-Dollarized Economies

Chapter 8. Interest Rate and Exchange Rate Channels in Dollarized and Non-Dollarized Economies »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

The study of the transmission of monetary policy in both advanced and developing economies has been the objective of numerous papers in recent years. This monetary transmission is broadly conceived as the an...

Chapter 2. International Reserve Adequacy in Central America

Chapter 2. International Reserve Adequacy in Central America »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

International reserve accumulation has recently grown rapidly, reaching 17 percent of global GDP in 2011, which represents a fourfold increase over 10 years. During this time, emerging market holdings rose t...

Chapter 6. Public Debt Targeting: An Application to Caribbean Countries

Chapter 6. Public Debt Targeting: An Application to Caribbean Countries »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

It is a well-established fact in the international finance literature that developments in international financial markets can be a source of instability, and can amplify real shocks (see, for example, Kamin...

Chapter 5. The Impact of External Developments on Emerging Market and Developing Economies: The Role of Exchange Rate Flexibility

Chapter 5. The Impact of External Developments on Emerging Market and Developing Economies: The Role of Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

External macroeconomic and financial conditions significantly affect domestic macroeconomic and financial outcomes in emerging market and developing economies. These external conditions go through cyclical m...

Chapter 7. What Is Driving Financial Dedollarization in Latin America?

Chapter 7. What Is Driving Financial Dedollarization in Latin America? »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

Financial dollarization—the process in which a large share of residents’ assets and liabilities are denominated in U.S. dollars—has been a distinguishing feature of the banking sect...