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I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Latin America’s economic prospects heralded new promise in the early 1990s, as ambitious programs were introduced to promote macroeconomic stability and market-based reforms. In the context of increasingly d...

I. Overview

I. Overview »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

This paper assesses the implications of high financial dollarization for macroeconomic policies and vulnerabilities in Uruguay. Dollarization creates balance sheet exposure to exchange rate changes and poses...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

Dollarization, the holding by residents of a significant share of their assets in the form of foreign-currency-denominated assets, is a common feature of developing countries and transition economies and is...

II. Inflation Process in Uruguay

II. Inflation Process in Uruguay »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

Following chronic high inflation, Uruguay reduced inflation gradually through a disinflation program in the 1990s, reaching single digits by 1998. Inflation has since remained moderate, except for an outburs...

II Taking Stock

II Taking Stock »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Starting in the late 1980s, most Latin American countries began introducing market-based structural reforms in a range of areas, especially international trade, the financial sector, the tax system, and stat...

II Trends and Explanations

II Trends and Explanations »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

In general terms, dollarization is a response to economic instability and high inflation, and to the desire of domestic residents to diversify their asset portfolios. In conditions of hyperinflation, dollari...

III Fiscal Sustainability

III Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Difficulties in ensuring credible sustainability of fiscal policies have been central to the problems of Latin American economies. 34 Notable examples over the past decade have be...

III. Pass-Through, Dollarization, and Credibility in Uruguay

III. Pass-Through, Dollarization, and Credibility in Uruguay »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

A high degree of exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices and financial dollarization can constrain the effectiveness of a flexible exchange rate as a shock absorber and indirect channel of transmission...

III Risks and Benefits of Dollarization

III Risks and Benefits of Dollarization »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

In a fully liberalized and convertible financial system, savers would prefer to hold a portion of their portfolio in foreign-currency-denominated assets, simply in order to achieve a desired distribution of...

IV Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in a Dollarized Economy

IV Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in a Dollarized Economy »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

The phenomenon of dollarization poses a challenge to the pursuit of a coherent and independent monetary policy. In responding to this challenge, the authorities must address two key questions about the condu...