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1 Australia

1 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Compared with most of the smaller industrial economies, Australia has a small external trade sector—foreign trade amounts to approximately 15 percent of GDP. Although this and abundant energy resources have...

2 Austria

2 Austria »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The openness of the Austrian economy, in which foreign trade amounts to approximately one fourth of GDP, makes it vulnerable to external disturbances; consequently, a major aim of fiscal policy has been to s...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 33, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 33/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451936360

Keywords: euro, monetary policy, international monetary fund, fiscal policy, monetary union

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

3 Belgium

3 Belgium »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Following several years of strong growth, real GDP declined by almost 2 percent in 1975; after a sharp recovery in 1976, when over 5 percent real growth was registered, economic activity again turned sluggis...

Book Forum: Do developing countries have a say at the IMF?

Book Forum: Do developing countries have a say at the IMF? »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 33, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 33/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451936360

Keywords: euro, monetary policy, international monetary fund, fiscal policy, monetary union

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy" »

Source: Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Volume/Issue: 2002/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451971019

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, fiscal sustainability, fiscal position, fiscal policies, public debt, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper provides a perspective on how the IMF assesses a “sound fiscal policy,” focusing principally on industrial and emerging market economies. It observes six central criteria: the short-term fi...

4 Denmark

4 Denmark »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The relatively open Danish economy, where foreign trade amounts to 25 to 30 percent of GDP, was severely affected by the two oil crises and the ensuing global recession. Denmark’s heavy dependence on importe...

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Denmark : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451811032

Keywords: unemployment, employment, fiscal policy, public finances, tax rates

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Danish economy continued to perform well in 1997-98. Real GDP growth of about 3 percent remained above potential and unemployment fell to 6 percent, less than h...

An Empirical Analysis of Fiscal Adjustments

An Empirical Analysis of Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: An Empirical Analysis of Fiscal Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 1996/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Westcott , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1996

ISBN: 9781451965957

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, expenditure cuts, expenditure, fiscal policy, public debt

This study uses the fiscal expansion and consolidation experiences of the industrial countries over the period 1970 to 1995 to examine the interplay between fiscal adjustments and economic performance. A key findin...

5 Finland

5 Finland »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

A large external sector with imports and exports amounting to almost 30 percent of GDP makes the Finnish economy vulnerable to external influences; this vulnerability is accentuated by the country’s reliance...