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Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges »

Source: Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Murtaza Syed , Michael Skaarup , and Tarhan Feyzioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868890

Keywords: Korea, Simulation, Sustainability, Tax Reform, General Equilibrium, pension, pension reform, tax rates, pension fund, fiscal policy

Korea is on the verge of an unprecedented demographic shift. In coming decades, rapid aging will transform it from one of the youngest populations in the OECD to among the oldest in record time. In turn, this shift...

The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru

The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru »

Source: The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru

Volume/Issue: 2017/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Roch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484320648

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Peru, Chile, Colombia, JEL Classification Numbers: E62, F14, H50, O13 Commodity Prices, Fiscal Policy, Flexible Exchange Rates

This paper presents a comparative analysis of the macroeconomic adjustment in Chile, Colombia, and Peru to commodity terms-of-trade shocks. The study is done in two steps: (i) an analysis of the impulse responses o...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor

Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor »

Source: Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor

Volume/Issue: 2017/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , Philippe Karam , Dirk Muir , and Siegfried Steinlein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335383

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia, Fiscal policy; fiscal rules; general equilibrium models; taxation; debt, Fiscal policy, fiscal rules, general equilibrium models, taxation, debt, Forecasting and Simulation, General

This paper revisits options for fiscal anchors in Australia against the backdrop of a medium-term budget balance anchor that has led to larger than expected upward drift in the net debt to GDP ratio since the end o...

Budget Consolidation

Budget Consolidation »

Source: Budget Consolidation : Short-Term Pain and Long-Term Gain

Volume/Issue: 2010/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Laxton , Susanna Mursula , Kevin Clinton , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201464

Keywords: current account imbalances, tax reform, income taxes, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The paper evaluates the costs and benefits of fiscal consolidation using simulations based on the IMFs global DSGE model GIMF. Over the longer run, well-targeted permanent reductions in budget deficits lead to a co...

Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control

Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control »

Source: Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control

Volume/Issue: 2001/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Franco Reviglio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451842517

Keywords: Public expenditure control, political systems and public expenditure reforms, taxation and unemployment, GSP implementation versus budgetary gimmicks, budgetary transparency in Italy, public expenditure, expenditure, fiscal constraints, expenditure management, fiscal policy

This paper explains why EMU countries seem unable or unwilling to undertake structural reforms of public expenditure. One of the reasons is political. What public expenditure reforms might be pursued without changi...

Can Good Events Lead to Bad Outcomes? Endogenous Banking Crises and Fiscal Policy Responses1

Can Good Events Lead to Bad Outcomes? Endogenous Banking Crises and Fiscal Policy Responses1 »

Source: Can Good Events Lead to Bad Outcomes? Endogenous Banking Crises and Fiscal Policy Responses

Volume/Issue: 2006/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Celine Rochon , and Andrew Feltenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865233

Keywords: Banking failures, fiscal policies, banking, bank failures, budget deficit, banking system, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

In this paper, we study the impact of labor market restructuring and foreign direct investment on the banking sector, using a dynamic general equilibrium model with a financial sector. Numerical simulations are per...

Can Government Demand Stimulate Private Investment? Evidence from U.S. Federal Procurement1

Can Government Demand Stimulate Private Investment? Evidence from U.S. Federal Procurement1 »

Source: Can Government Demand Stimulate Private Investment? Evidence from U.S. Federal Procurement

Volume/Issue: 2016/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shafik Hebous , and Tom Zimmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513578729

Keywords: Federal Procurement, Financing Constraints, Spending Multipliers, government spending, contracts, capital investment, fiscal policy, General, Other, All Countries,

We study the effects of federal purchases on firms' investment using a novel panel dataset that combines federal procurement contracts in the United States with key financial firm-level information. We find that 1...

Catch-Up Growth, Habits, Oil Depletion, and Fiscal Policy

Catch-Up Growth, Habits, Oil Depletion, and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Catch-Up Growth, Habits, Oil Depletion, and Fiscal Policy : Lessons from the Republic of Congo

Volume/Issue: 2007/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Carcillo , Mauricio Villafuerte , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866445

Keywords: Sustainable fiscal policy, habit formation, permanent-income hypothesis, catch-up growth, primary deficit, expenditure, government spending, public spending, Congo, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

In a number of oil producing countries, oil revenue accounts for the majority of government revenue, but is expected to be depleted in a relatively short time frame. Ensuring that fiscal policy is on a sustainable...