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CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks

CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This paper has laid out the challenges of fiscal adjustment for BLNS countries, in the context of a substantial drop in SACU revenue. The need for fiscal adjustment is sizable, particularly in Lesotho and Sw...

Chapter I: Introduction

Chapter I: Introduction »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter “Swaziland”) is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy heavily d...

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

Swaziland is highly interconnected with South Africa and with the global economy. As the global economy faces higher risks of adverse shocks, Swaziland may be affected by spillover effects. These shocks woul...

Chapter III: Swaziland’s External Vulnerabilities: The Fiscal Origin

Chapter III: Swaziland’s External Vulnerabilities: The Fiscal Origin »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

A. Swaziland’s Fiscal Position Remains Vulnerable and Inadequate to Reduce Poverty The fiscal position has improved owing to the windfall transfer from SACU for fiscal year 2012/13 (...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

After one hundred years of existence, the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing one of its biggest challenges. Since 2009, the global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook,...

Chapter IV: Risks from Financial Sector Vulnerabilities

Chapter IV: Risks from Financial Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

A. Risks Stemming from Vulnerabilities in the Banking Sector All commercial banks are well capitalized and have maintained strong risk-adjusted capital adequacy ratios (CAR) over the...

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

As shown in Chapter 2, the fiscal adjustment needs in BLNS countries are large and range in the order of 2 to 16 percent of GDP. This requires a significant adjustment effort by the authorities over the medi...

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

Prior to 2009, all the BLNS countries had several years of strong fiscal performance (Table 1). This was largely underpinned by a vibrant mining sector in the case of Botswana and Namibia and large SACU tran...

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This section considers the optimal pace and composition of fiscal adjustment from three perspectives: (i) international evidence of previous large fiscal adjustments; (ii) cross-country comparisons of the si...

Chapter V: Restoring the Future of the Swaziland Economy

Chapter V: Restoring the Future of the Swaziland Economy »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The current economic policy stance in Swaziland is unsustainable over the medium term. On current trends, the fiscal position is likely to deteriorate further, reflecting uncontrolled spending coupled with a...