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Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures

Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A1. Trade Liberalization Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community 1...

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A2. Restrictive Trade Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community...

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

For several years prior to the dissolution of the CMEA in 1991, the U.S.S.R. provided large implicit price subsidies, on a net basis, to the former CMEA member countries through the...

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993 »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Financial Assistance in 1992 During 1990–1991, the Government of the U.S.S.R. repeatedly requested financial assistance from Western governm...

Appendix V Statistical Appendix

Appendix V Statistical Appendix »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A5. Russia’s Balance of Payments with States of the Former U.S.S.R....

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

The use of fiscal and other policies to counter the effects of the recession should continue, where appropriate, until it is clear that recovery is under way. Past gains from macroeconomic stabilization and...

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

LICs are facing large external financing needs in 2009–10, averaging about US$25 billion a year higher than in 2008. The Fund and other international financial institutions (IFIs) have increased their financ...

CHAPTER 3 How Are LICs Affected?

CHAPTER 3 How Are LICs Affected? »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

For many LICs the crisis is expected to have a severe impact on economic growth this year, but a V-shaped recovery is expected for 2010. An Overview LIC economies are being...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

Low-income countries (LICs) are being hit hard by the global financial crisis. They are facing a sharp contraction in export growth, foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, and remittances, as well as lower...

CHAPTER 2 Outlook for Global Growth and Commodity Prices

CHAPTER 2 Outlook for Global Growth and Commodity Prices »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

The world economy is beginning to pull out of the deepest slump since the Great Depression, but stabilization is uneven and the recovery remains fragile. Financial conditions have improved, as unprecedented...