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The Baltics

The Baltics »

Source: The Baltics : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Volume/Issue: 2002/7

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451805369

Keywords: public debt, current account, taxation, external debt

This paper on the Baltic countries analyzes medium-term fiscal issues related to European Union (EU) and NATO accession. The paper supports the Baltic authorities' intention to aim at balancing their budgets over t...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

During 1992–97. most of the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union have made significant progress toward macroeconomic stabilization. While average inflation has declined steadily si...

II Inflation, Growth, and Financial Policies

II Inflation, Growth, and Financial Policies »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

Inflation The sustained and significant reduction in inflation observed in the first six years of transition constitutes one of the key achievements of the Baltics. Russia, and other...

III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness

III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

In 1997, for the first time in six years of transition, lull the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union recorded deficits in their external current accounts: eight of them with defic...

IMF Approves Stand-By Loan for Latvia

IMF Approves Stand-By Loan for Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Request for Stand-By Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2001/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

ISBN: 9781451824445

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, external debt, financial sector

Latvia's economy has emerged from the recession triggered by the Russian crisis. Executive Directors commended the strong economic growth and low inflation. They appreciated the open and liberal trade system and th...

IMF Completes Fourth Review Under Stand-By Arrangement with Latvia and Approves €121.3 Million Disbursement

IMF Completes Fourth Review Under Stand-By Arrangement with Latvia and Approves €121.3 Million Disbursement »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2001

ISBN: 9781451812411

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, external debt

Estonia continues to be a strong performer among transition economies. Executive Directors commended the development, and stressed the need to maintain macroeconomic and fiscal policies, and accelerate structural r...

IMF Concludes 2002 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Concludes 2002 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2002 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2002/134

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451812466

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, external debt, article

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia continues to be an outstanding performer among the transition economies reflecting the authorities' continued commitment to market-based reforms, pursuit of...

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/330

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451812374

Keywords: debt, deficit, budget, interest, external debt

Prudent macroeconomic policy, based on a balanced budget strategy and structural reforms, has successfully transformed Estonia into an open and flexible market economy and as a star performer among European Union a...