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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Bank activity: New approach to World Bank management; recent IDA credits and Bank loans

Bank activity: New approach to World Bank management; recent IDA credits and Bank loans »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

Bank Group Activity

Bank Group Activity »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1974

ISBN: 9781616353155

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal system, expenditures, fiscal policy, expenditure policy

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the...

Book notices

Book notices »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

Book Notices

Book Notices »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1974

ISBN: 9781616353155

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal system, expenditures, fiscal policy, expenditure policy

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the...

A Brazilian-Type Debt Crisis: Simple Analytics

A Brazilian-Type Debt Crisis: Simple Analytics »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063228

Keywords: expenditure, bribe, government expenditure, bribes, Banks and banking, Special Drawing Rights (SDR), Capital Stock, Cointegration, Demand (economic Theory), Empirical Methods

This first issue of Volume 51 for 2004 includes a new paper by Peter B. Clark and Jacques J. Polak, along with a tribute from the Editor to Mr. Polak in honor of his 90th birthday. This issue also launches a new fe...

Comparing government expenditures internationally: A report on a study of government expenditures in over 90 countries and a means of comparing them

Comparing government expenditures internationally: A report on a study of government expenditures in over 90 countries and a means of comparing them »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...