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Aging

Aging »

Source: Aging : Some Pleasant Fiscal Arithmetic

Volume/Issue: 2005/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860900

Keywords: OECD countries, public expenditure, expenditure, expenditure growth, total expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Projections of age-related public expenditure growth have raised widespread concerns about fiscal sustainability. This paper examines how total expenditure would develop under four policy rules on public expenditur...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior

Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior »

Source: Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior

Volume/Issue: 2004/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451847543

Keywords: Boom-bust cycles, cyclical adjustment, deficit bias, fiscal balances, expenditure, fiscal balance, expenditure growth,

Boom and bust phases in asset prices have become a pervasive feature of macroeconomic developments in many advanced economies. This paper studies fiscal policy during boom-bust phases in asset prices and draws seve...

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence »

Source: Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2011/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh , Andrea Pescatori , and Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455294695

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, budget deficit, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, And Finance,

This paper investigates the short-term effects of fiscal consolidation on economic activity in OECD economies. We examine the historical record, including Budget Speeches and IMFdocuments, to identify changes in fi...

Expenditure Ceilings—A Survey

Expenditure Ceilings—A Survey »

Source: Expenditure Ceilings-A Survey

Volume/Issue: 2008/282

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

ISBN: 9781451871401

Keywords: Expenditure ceilings, expenditure, expenditure ceiling, government expenditure,

This paper looks at the factors that have to be considered when designing an aggregate expenditure ceiling. It is argued that expenditure ceilings are effective in promoting fiscal discipline and sustainability, bu...

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries »

Source: An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849066

Keywords: intergenerational fiscal balance, Ricardian effects, expenditures, expenditure, fiscal adjustments, fiscal position, Integenerational Fiscal Balance,

Several recent papers have examined the response of national saving to changes in fiscal policy. This paper uses knowledge about the intergenerational fiscal position of a country to determine whether this informat...

Fiscal Adjustments

Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...

Fiscal Aspects of Bank Restructuring

Fiscal Aspects of Bank Restructuring »

Source: Fiscal Aspects of Bank Restructuring

Volume/Issue: 1997/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451847215

Keywords: Fiscal, Banks, Expenditure, Rescues, Restructuring, banking, recapitalization, bank assistance, bank restructuring, banking system

Governments frequently assist troubled banks. This paper examines the fiscal aspects of such assistance: rationale, design criteria, methods, and macroeconomic implications. It concludes that (1) banks should be as...

Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability

Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability : Automatic Stabilizers Work, Always and Everywhere

Volume/Issue: 2010/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Debrun , and Radhicka Kapoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200702

Keywords: Output stability, expenditure, discretionary fiscal policy, fiscal stabilization, cyclical fiscal policy,

The paper revisits the link between fiscal policy and macroeconomic stability. Two salient features of our analysis are (1) a systematic test for the government's ambivalent role as a shock absorber and a shock ind...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...