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Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth
			: Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756299.084

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This study examines the composition of fiscal adjustment - tax and expenditure policies and administrative procedures, and some aspects of public enterprise reform - in a sample of eight countries (Bangladesh, Chil...

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure »

Source: The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure : Update and Overview

Volume/Issue: 1995/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850581

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditure programs, public expenditures, expenditures

It is commonly agreed that economic policies, including budgetary policies, can have potentially strong distributional effects. Traditional economic analysis held that economic policies affected the income distribu...

I. Overview: Fiscal Reform and Economic Growth

I. Overview: Fiscal Reform and Economic Growth »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Although the immediate objectives of IMF-supported programs are financial stabilization and a sustainable external position for the member country seeking IMF assistance, the ultimate aim is the improvement...

II. How Fiscal Policy Can Affect Growth: Conceptual Issues and Evidence

II. How Fiscal Policy Can Affect Growth: Conceptual Issues and Evidence »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

A Basic Conceptual Framework 4 Growth in actual output per person employed (productivity growth) can be attributed to one or more of th...

III. Country Experiences with Public Sector Reform

III. Country Experiences with Public Sector Reform »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

The objective of this section is to assess the growth-fostering characteristics of the public sector reforms undertaken by eight countries during a period normally of about 15 years (usually 1978–93). Sectio...

Nonrenewable Resources
			: A Case for Persistent Fiscal Surpluses

Nonrenewable Resources : A Case for Persistent Fiscal Surpluses »

Volume/Issue: 1999/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Max Alier , and Martin Kaufman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846393.001

ISBN: 9781451846393

Keywords: nonrenewable resources, intergenerational transfer, overlapping generation model, expenditure, government expenditure, fiscal surpluses, public expenditure

This paper examines whether there is a case for temporary but persistent fiscal surpluses in economies heavily endowed with nonrenewable resources. It finds that there generally is a case. Fiscal surpluses permit r...

Public Expenditure in Latin America
			: Trends and Key Policy Issues

Public Expenditure in Latin America : Trends and Key Policy Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Christopher Faircloth , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865851.001

ISBN: 9781451865851

Keywords: Public Expenditure, expenditures, expenditure, public spending, government spending, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy,

This paper examines trends in government spending in Latin America from the mid-1990s to 2006. It also examines key policy issues, including the cyclicality of spending, public investment, public employment, and so...