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Belgium

Belgium »

Source: Belgium : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/25

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451803051

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployed, public debt, primary expenditure

This paper describes economic developments in Belgium during the 1990s. The moderate recovery experienced by Belgium in 1994 slowed in the course of 1995 as foreign demand faltered, and GDP growth for 1995 as a who...

Belgium: Report for the 2000 Article IV consultation Supplementary Information

Belgium: Report for the 2000 Article IV consultation Supplementary Information »

Source: Belgium : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/44

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451803105

Keywords: budget, debt, interest, expenditure growth, social security contributions

Real GDP growth is expected to slow to 2.6 percent in 2001, following four consecutive years of strong economic growth. A number of structural labor market measures have also been introduced, including an employmen...

Belgium: Selected Issues

Belgium: Selected Issues »

Source: Belgium : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2016/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513547695

Keywords: spending, public, subsidies, services, public expenditure

This paper discusses two key issues of the Belgian economy: (1) making public expenditure more efficient and (2) addressing the Belgian labor market-segmentations and distortions. Belgium faces fiscal challenges th...

Belgium: Selected Issues

Belgium: Selected Issues »

Source: Belgium : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2016/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513547695

Keywords: spending, public, subsidies, services, public expenditure

This paper discusses two key issues of the Belgian economy: (1) making public expenditure more efficient and (2) addressing the Belgian labor market-segmentations and distortions. Belgium faces fiscal challenges th...

Belgium: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Belgium: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Belgium : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/44

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451803105

Keywords: budget, debt, interest, expenditure growth, social security contributions

Real GDP growth is expected to slow to 2.6 percent in 2001, following four consecutive years of strong economic growth. A number of structural labor market measures have also been introduced, including an employmen...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Choosing a Budget Management System

Choosing a Budget Management System »

Source: Choosing a Budget Management System : The Case of Rwanda

Volume/Issue: 2004/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451855418

Keywords: budget system, public management, Constitution, budget law, budget management, annual budget, budget process, budget execution, Structure, Scope

Rwanda is making important choices concerning budget processes. A program-oriented budget framework is now used. A new Constitution, adopted in May 2003, has made some important choices concerning the public manage...

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe »

Source: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/107

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451835014

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, debt relief, capital expenditure, Sao Tome and Principe,

The statistical data on gross domestic product and expenditure, land distribution, production of principal agricultural crops, energy production and consumption, imports of petroleum products, cost structure of pet...

The Effects of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)on National Fiscal Sustainability

The Effects of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)on National Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: The Effects of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)on National Fiscal Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 1996/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Mongelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451849295

Keywords: fiscal sustainability, public debt, fiscal discipline, fiscal variables, government expenditure

This paper presents a methodology to analyze the responsiveness of fiscal sustainability to the “endogenous fiscal discipline” that will be strengthened by the EMU. This discipline arises in response...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter? »

Source: Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...