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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Fiscal Adjustments

Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation »

Source: Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation : An International Panel Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2007/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daehaeng Kim , and Chul-In Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866575

Keywords: Economic Uncertainty, Government Size, Openness to Trade, Stabilization, Intersectoral Income Fluctuation, equation, terms of trade, external shocks, open economy, equations

Using the between-sector variation in income as a new measure of economic uncertainty, this paper proposes simple models and supportive empirical evidence for the causal relations between economic uncertainty and g...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842890.001

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation
			: An International Panel Analysis

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation : An International Panel Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2007/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daehaeng Kim , and Chul-In Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866575.001

ISBN: 9781451866575

Keywords: Economic Uncertainty, Government Size, Openness to Trade, Stabilization, Intersectoral Income Fluctuation, equation, terms of trade, external shocks, open economy, equations

Using the between-sector variation in income as a new measure of economic uncertainty, this paper proposes simple models and supportive empirical evidence for the causal relations between economic uncertainty and g...

Fiscal Adjustments
			: Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867428.001

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...