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The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries

Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Liam Ebrill , Sanjeev Gupta , Anthony Pellechio , Jerald Schiff , George Abed , Ronald McMorran , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757173.084

ISBN: 9781557757173

Keywords: Developing countries, expenditure, tax administration, tax revenue, wage, expenditures

The reform of fiscal policies and institutions lies at the heart of structural adjustment in developing countries. Although the immediate aim of such reform is to reduce fiscal imbalances to achieve macroeconomic s...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Liam Ebrill , Sanjeev Gupta , Anthony Pellechio , Jerald Schiff , George Abed , Ronald McMorran , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757173

Keywords: Developing countries, expenditure, tax administration, tax revenue, wage, expenditures

The reform of fiscal policies and institutions lies at the heart of structural adjustment in developing countries. Although the immediate aim of such reform is to reduce fiscal imbalances to achieve macroeconomic s...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Liam Ebrill , Sanjeev Gupta , Anthony Pellechio , Jerald Schiff , George Abed , Ronald McMorran , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757173

Keywords: Developing countries, expenditure, tax administration, tax revenue, wage, expenditures

The reform of fiscal policies and institutions lies at the heart of structural adjustment in developing countries. Although the immediate aim of such reform is to reduce fiscal imbalances to achieve macroeconomic s...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Kuwait : From Reconstruction to Accumulation for Future Generations

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Wilson , Susan Fennell , Nigel Chalk , Mohamed El-Erian , and Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756237

Keywords: central bank, expenditure, debt, capital expenditure, interest

Kuwait has made an impressive recovery from the damage and disruptions caused by the August 1990 invasion by Iraq. Oil production and capacity have been fully restored to preinvasion levels, as has infrastru...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Liam Ebrill , Sanjeev Gupta , Anthony Pellechio , Jerald Schiff , George Abed , Ronald McMorran , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757173

Keywords: Developing countries, expenditure, tax administration, tax revenue, wage, expenditures

Since 1986 the International Monetary Fund has supported the adjustment programs of its low-income members with loans on highly concessional terms through two arrangements, the Structural Adjustment Facility...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—are on the verge of acceding to the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Ov...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Rules-Based Fiscal Policy in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Teresa Daban Sanchez , Steven Symansky , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Enrica Detragiache , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2003

ISBN: 9781589062160

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal rules, expenditures, public debt

In recent decades, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain—along with most industrial countries—witnessed a sharp rise in the size of government and a large accumulation of public debt. While the latt...

II Accumulation for Future Generations: Kuwait’s Economic Challenges

II Accumulation for Future Generations: Kuwait’s Economic Challenges »

Source: Kuwait : From Reconstruction to Accumulation for Future Generations

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Wilson , Susan Fennell , Nigel Chalk , Mohamed El-Erian , and Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756237

Keywords: central bank, expenditure, debt, capital expenditure, interest

Kuwait is a rich country. It has large oil reserves and, owing to its prudent financial policies of the 1970s and 1980s, possesses considerable foreign assets. The economy has a tradition of low inflation, a...

II Fiscal Policy and the Fiscal Framework in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain

II Fiscal Policy and the Fiscal Framework in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain »

Source: Rules-Based Fiscal Policy in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Teresa Daban Sanchez , Steven Symansky , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Enrica Detragiache , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2003

ISBN: 9781589062160

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal rules, expenditures, public debt

Fiscal Policy in Practice: An Overview To identify some of the shortcomings that fiscal rules may seek to address, this section provides an overview of how fiscal policy has been con...