Browse

You are looking at 1 - 5 of 5 items :

  • Keywords: expenditure x
  • Keywords: expenditure x
Clear All
The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence »

Source: Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2011/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh , Andrea Pescatori , and Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455294695

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, budget deficit, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, And Finance,

This paper investigates the short-term effects of fiscal consolidation on economic activity in OECD economies. We examine the historical record, including Budget Speeches and IMFdocuments, to identify changes in fi...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2011/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh , Andrea Pescatori , and Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455294695.001

ISBN: 9781455294695

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, budget deficit, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, And Finance,

This paper investigates the short-term effects of fiscal consolidation on economic activity in OECD economies. We examine the historical record, including Budget Speeches and IMFdocuments, to identify changes in fi...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842890.001

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...