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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management »

Volume/Issue: 2009/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873900.001

ISBN: 9781451873900

Keywords: Top-down, budget institutions, policy prioritization, expenditure, budget process, fiscal policy, total expenditure, expenditure level,

This paper examines the rationale for a top-down approach to budget preparation and approval, and discusses some factors that have to be considered when reorienting the budget process along these lines. The paper a...

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management »

Source: Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management

Volume/Issue: 2009/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451873900

Keywords: Top-down, budget institutions, policy prioritization, expenditure, budget process, fiscal policy, total expenditure, expenditure level,

This paper examines the rationale for a top-down approach to budget preparation and approval, and discusses some factors that have to be considered when reorienting the budget process along these lines. The paper a...