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Appendix I Data and Definitions

Appendix I Data and Definitions »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

An adjustment episode is defined as any year or succession of years of uninterrupted improvement in the fiscal primary balance, and focuses on the consolidated central government (o...

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System »

Source: Economic Dislocation and Recovery in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jose Martelino , S. Erbas , Adnan Mazarei , Sena Eken , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781557754592

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, monetary fund, per capita income

This section summarizes Lebanon's exchange and trade system as of May 31,1994. Exchange Arrangements The currency of Lebanon is the Lebane...

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Table A2.1. Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes 1...

Appendix II Statistical Tables

Appendix II Statistical Tables »

Source: Economic Dislocation and Recovery in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jose Martelino , S. Erbas , Adnan Mazarei , Sena Eken , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781557754592

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, monetary fund, per capita income

Table TA1. Selected Social, Economic, and Financial Indicators...

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Thirteen case studies were prepared to supplement the empirical analysis. 19 The case studies offer further evidence about success and adjustment d...

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

The duration of fiscal consolidation can be expressed by a hazard function. A hazard function measures the probability that a fiscal consolidation will end in time period t, provide...

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Figure A5.1. Event Studies: Key Macroeconomic Indicators (Annual percentage change, unless indicated otherwise)...

Back to the Future
			: Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon

Back to the Future : Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , and Sena Eken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757845.084

ISBN: 9781557757845

Keywords: public debt, expenditure, central bank, debt management, capital expenditure

Following the 15-year civil war that started in 1975, Lebanon's government began the difficult task of economic stabilization and confidence building, on the one hand, and postwar reconstruction and development, on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Back to the Future : Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , and Sena Eken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757845

Keywords: public debt, expenditure, central bank, debt management, capital expenditure

Following the 15-year civil war that started in 1975, Lebanon's government began the difficult task of economic stabilization and confidence building, on the one hand, and postwar reconstruction and development, on...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...