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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa

Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa : Facts and Factors

Volume/Issue: 2009/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irene Yackovlev , Victor Lledo , and Lucie Gadenne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874198

Keywords: and sub-Saharan Africa, government spending, fiscal space, expenditures,

This paper documents cyclical patterns of government expenditures in sub-Saharan Africa since 1970 and explains variation between countries and over time. Controlling for endogeneity, it finds government expenditur...

Fiscal Restraint, Demographic Change, and Social Services in Israel, 1985-1987, and Application of the Methodology to Latin America

Fiscal Restraint, Demographic Change, and Social Services in Israel, 1985-1987, and Application of the Methodology to Latin America »

Source: Fiscal Restraint, Demographic Change, and Social Services in Israel, 1985-1987, and Application of the Methodology to Latin America

Volume/Issue: 1988/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451966312

Keywords: expenditure, dependency ratio, age group, social expenditure, expenditures, Fiscal Affairs Department,

The paper analyzes the development of government social expenditure during the economic stabilization period, with specific reference to the changing needs for such expenditure arising from the change in Israel&#x2...

Israel
			: Selected Issues

Israel : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2011/23

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455213825.002

ISBN: 9781455213825

Keywords: budget, debt, deficit, balance sheet, expenditure ceiling

The study shows that the Israeli economy has emerged unscathed from the global financial crisis. The first part of the study outlines the relationship between risk and Israel's macroeconomic performance, estimated...

West Bank and Gaza Strip
			: Recent Economic Developments and Prospects and Progress in Institution Building:  Background Paper Issued in Connection with the 1995 Article IV Consultation with Israel

West Bank and Gaza Strip : Recent Economic Developments and Prospects and Progress in Institution Building: Background Paper Issued in Connection with the 1995 Article IV Consultation with Israel »

Volume/Issue: 1995/106

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451840629.002

ISBN: 9781451840629

Keywords: expenditure, capital expenditure, tax administration, expenditures, recurrent expenditure

This paper reviews institutional arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS), the structural features of the economy, and macroeconomic developments and prospects during the 1990s. The paper discusses the t...

A New Fiscal Rule
			: Should Israel 'Go Swiss?'

A New Fiscal Rule : Should Israel 'Go Swiss?' »

Volume/Issue: 2008/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Symansky , Xavier Debrun , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869484.001

ISBN: 9781451869484

Keywords: expenditure, expenditure growth

We propose a fiscal rule that fulfills a specific debt reduction objective while maintaining significant fiscal flexibility-two overarching concerns in Israel. Not unlike the Swiss "debt brake," the rule incorporat...

Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Facts and Factors

Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa : Facts and Factors »

Volume/Issue: 2009/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irene Yackovlev , Victor Lledo , and Lucie Gadenne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874198.001

ISBN: 9781451874198

Keywords: and sub-Saharan Africa, government spending, fiscal space, expenditures,

This paper documents cyclical patterns of government expenditures in sub-Saharan Africa since 1970 and explains variation between countries and over time. Controlling for endogeneity, it finds government expenditur...

Fiscal Restraint, Demographic Change, and Social Services in Israel, 1985-1987, and Application of the Methodology to Latin America

Fiscal Restraint, Demographic Change, and Social Services in Israel, 1985-1987, and Application of the Methodology to Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 1988/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451966312.001

ISBN: 9781451966312

Keywords: expenditure, dependency ratio, age group, social expenditure, expenditures, Fiscal Affairs Department,

The paper analyzes the development of government social expenditure during the economic stabilization period, with specific reference to the changing needs for such expenditure arising from the change in Israel&#x2...

Military Expenditure
			: Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences »

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847291.001

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Israel

Israel »

Source: Israel : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/23

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455213825

Keywords: budget, debt, deficit, balance sheet, expenditure ceiling

The study shows that the Israeli economy has emerged unscathed from the global financial crisis. The first part of the study outlines the relationship between risk and Israel's macroeconomic performance, estimated...