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Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue »

Source: Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Volume/Issue: 2008/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869415

Keywords: permanent income hypothesis, diamond-related fiscal revenue, expenditure, fiscal revenue, government expenditure, fiscal rule, fiscal adjustment,

This study assesses the sustainability of Botswana’s diamond-related fiscal revenue. Diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to sustain a high level of expenditure. Under the c...

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1971

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1971

ISBN: 9781616353032

Keywords: capital goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, capital ? expenditures

This paper examines the difference between 'capital' and 'investment' for developing countries. The paper highlights that investment in material capital is merely one of the factors involved in economic development...

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor »

Source: Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor : The Case of Malawi

Volume/Issue: 1991/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Odd Brekk , and Ronald Hicks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1991

ISBN: 9781451853513

Keywords: expenditure, wage, expenditures, expenditure patterns

This paper applies, through a case study on Malawi, a simple methodology indicating the first-round (i.e., price) effects of macroeconomic policies on real earnings of the poor. As the economic program in Malawi ha...

Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation

Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation »

Source: Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation

Volume/Issue: 2007/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868098

Keywords: government expenditure, public sector efficiency, fiscal federalism, Russia, expenditure, public spending, public expenditure, health expenditure, health care,

This paper benchmarks the efficiency of public expenditure in the social sectors in the Russian Federation relative to other countries and among the country's regions. It finds that there is substantial room for ef...

Benin

Benin »

Source: Benin : Ex Post Assessment of Performance Under Fund-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2004/371

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451961737

Keywords: expenditure, civil service, expenditure management, civil servants, civil service reform

This Ex Post Assessment reviews Benin's progress in implementing economic policies and reforms supported by the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) and Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrang...

Benin

Benin »

Source: Benin : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2003/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451803426

Keywords: expenditure, poverty reduction strategy, poverty reduction strategy paper, public expenditure

This paper presents the Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Benin. The IMF staff has determined that Benin's PRSP contains a credible poverty reduction strategy. The main stren...

Benin

Benin »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451803334

Keywords: expenditure, wage, salaries, per, salary

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines some aspects of the civil service reform in Benin. It describes the main features of the promotion and compensation system currently in place; assesses t...