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Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Source: Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

Determinants of the Choice of Exchange Rate Regimes in Six Central American Countries

Determinants of the Choice of Exchange Rate Regimes in Six Central American Countries »

Source: Determinants of the Choice of Exchange Rate Regimes in Six Central American Countries : An Empirical Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2003/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451847963

Keywords: Central American Countries, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, terms of trade, trade openness, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper examines whether decisions about the appropriate exchange rate regime in six Central American countries were based on longer-run economic fundamentals or on the confluence of historical and political cir...

Do Fixed Exchange Rates Induce More Fiscal Discipline?

Do Fixed Exchange Rates Induce More Fiscal Discipline? »

Source: Do Fixed Exchange Rates Induce More Fiscal Discipline?

Volume/Issue: 2003/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451850123

Keywords: Fiscal Discipline, exchange rate, fiscal authorities, exchange rate regime, fiscal authority, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Conventional wisdom has held that a fixed exchange rate regime induces more fiscal discipline, but Tornell and Velasco (1995, 1998) argue the opposite. Using a dynamic model with fragmented fiscal policymaking, thi...

Drivers of Growth: Evidence from  Sub-Saharan African Countries

Drivers of Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Drivers of Growth : Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475516487

Keywords: growth, real exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, General, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Sub-Saharan African countries, using aggregate data, from the past decade. We correlate recent growth experience to key determinants of growth, including private and pub...

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals »

Source: Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals : Purgatory…not Paradise

Volume/Issue: 2014/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

ISBN: 9781475543735

Keywords: reversals, macro-prudential, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate flexibility, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

We document the behavior of macro and credit variables during episodes of capital inflows reversals in economies with different degrees of exchange rate flexibility. We find that exchange rate flexibility is associ...

Exchange Rate Liberalization in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries Successes, Failures, and Lessons

Exchange Rate Liberalization in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries Successes, Failures, and Lessons »

Source: Exchange Rate Liberalization in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries Successes, Failures, and Lessons

Volume/Issue: 2013/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nils Mæhle , Haimanot Teferra , and Armine Khachatryan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2013

ISBN: 9781557756695

Keywords: reforms, growth, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies

Many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries liberalized their economies in the 1980s and early 1990s. This paper reviews the foreign exchange regime reforms in selected SSA, and their associated macroeconomic policies...

Exchange Rate Regime Considerations for Jordan and Lebanon

Exchange Rate Regime Considerations for Jordan and Lebanon »

Source: Exchange Rate Regime Considerations for Jordan and Lebanon

Volume/Issue: 2003/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rina Bhattacharya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451855937

Keywords: exchange rate regime, optimum currency area, nominal anchor, exchange rate, equations, statistic, equation, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper addresses the issue of the appropriate exchange rate regimes for Jordan and Lebanon in the context of the literature on optimum currency areas and the arguments concerning the use of the exchange rate as...

Exogenous Shocks and Growth Crises in Low-Income Countries

Exogenous Shocks and Growth Crises in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Exogenous Shocks and Growth Crises in Low-Income Countries : A Vulnerability Index

Volume/Issue: 2012/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Yasemin Bal-Gunduz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475528510

Keywords: Vulnerability index, growth crises, low-income countries, real gdp, gdp growth, gdp per capita, trading partners, exchange rate regime, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper develops a new index which provides early warning signals of a growth crisis in the event of large external shocks in low-income countries. Multivariate regression analysis and a univariate signaling app...

Friedman Redux

Friedman Redux »

Source: Friedman Redux : External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2014/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498359245

Keywords: external dynamics, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, bilateral exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Milton Friedman argued that flexible exchange rates would facilitate external adjustment. Recent studies find surprisingly little robust evidence that they do. We argue that this is because they use composite (or a...

How much should I hold?  Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands »

Source: How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

Volume/Issue: 2012/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505559

Keywords: Logit and quantile regression, Islands, EMP, Deleveraging, reserve holdings, short-term debt, current account, balance of payments, exchange rate regimes, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation

This paper investigates the drivers of reserves in emerging markets (EMs) and small island (SIs) and develops an operational metric for estimating reserves in SIs taking into account their unique characteristics. I...