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Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates »

Source: Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates : Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework

Volume/Issue: 1999/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susana Garcia Cervero , J. Lopez , Enrique Alberola Ila , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858730

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Cointegration, exchange rate, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rate, statistics

This paper presents a methodology for calculating bilateral equilibrium exchange rates for a panel of currencies in a way that guarantees global consistency. The methodology has three parts: a theoretical model tha...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Source: Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Republic of Latvia
			: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475526677.002

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates
			: Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates : Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework »

Volume/Issue: 1999/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susana Garcia Cervero , J. Lopez , Enrique Alberola Ila , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858730.001

ISBN: 9781451858730

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Cointegration, exchange rate, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rate, statistics

This paper presents a methodology for calculating bilateral equilibrium exchange rates for a panel of currencies in a way that guarantees global consistency. The methodology has three parts: a theoretical model tha...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974317.001

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...

Is the Exchange Rate a Shock Absorber? the Case of Sweden

Is the Exchange Rate a Shock Absorber? the Case of Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 1997/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975499.001

ISBN: 9781451975499

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, error variance, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate

This paper uses a structural vector autoregression representation of the Mundell-Flemming model to analyze the determinants of movements in Sweden’s real exchange rate. It finds that, while (supply and deman...

Sticky Exchange Rates and Flexible Prices
			: A Heretic View From the Interwar Period

Sticky Exchange Rates and Flexible Prices : A Heretic View From the Interwar Period »

Volume/Issue: 1991/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Gulde , and Holger Wolf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937855.001

ISBN: 9781451937855

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate variability, flexible exchange rates

Real exchange rate variability tends to be higher under flexible than under fixed exchange rates. The neokeynesian view attributes the higher variability to the combination of volatile nominal exchange rates with s...

What Determines Government  Spending Multipliers?

What Determines Government Spending Multipliers? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gernot Müller , Andre Meier , and Giancarlo Corsetti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504217.001

ISBN: 9781475504217

Keywords: Multiplier, public finances, exchange rate regime, exchange rate, real exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies how the effects of government spending vary with the economic environment. Using a panel of OECD countries, we identify fiscal shocks as residuals from an estimated spending rule and trace their...

Is the Exchange Rate a Shock Absorber? the Case of Sweden

Is the Exchange Rate a Shock Absorber? the Case of Sweden »

Source: Is the Exchange Rate a Shock Absorber? the Case of Sweden

Volume/Issue: 1997/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451975499

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, error variance, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate

This paper uses a structural vector autoregression representation of the Mundell-Flemming model to analyze the determinants of movements in Sweden’s real exchange rate. It finds that, while (supply and deman...