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The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991

The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991 »

Source: The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands : 1987-1991

Volume/Issue: 1992/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Geadah , Lars Svensson , and Tapio Saavalainen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451841817

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate band, forward exchange, foreign exchange

The credibility of the exchange rate bands in the Nordic countries during 1987-91 is examined with two tests. The results suggest that the credibility of Finland’s exchange rate band within a twelve-month ho...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Source: Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates »

Source: Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates : Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework

Volume/Issue: 1999/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susana Garcia Cervero , J. Lopez , Enrique Alberola Ila , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858730

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Cointegration, exchange rate, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rate, statistics

This paper presents a methodology for calculating bilateral equilibrium exchange rates for a panel of currencies in a way that guarantees global consistency. The methodology has three parts: a theoretical model tha...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Source: Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Republic of Latvia
			: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475526677.002

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451921571.001

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates
			: Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates : Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework »

Volume/Issue: 1999/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susana Garcia Cervero , J. Lopez , Enrique Alberola Ila , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858730.001

ISBN: 9781451858730

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Cointegration, exchange rate, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rate, statistics

This paper presents a methodology for calculating bilateral equilibrium exchange rates for a panel of currencies in a way that guarantees global consistency. The methodology has three parts: a theoretical model tha...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974317.001

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...

International Financial Flows and Transactions Taxes
			: Survey and Options

International Financial Flows and Transactions Taxes : Survey and Options »

Volume/Issue: 1995/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): P. Spahn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847994.001

ISBN: 9781451847994

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, financial markets, exchange rates, exchange markets

Tobin has suggested that exchange rate volatility be controlled through a tax on international financial transactions. This analysis shows that the Tobin tax as a pure transaction tax is not viable. The tax would i...