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Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752796.084

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The two papers draw from the brief yet radical reform experiences of five countries-Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The first paper describes the financial sector reforms untertaken b...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The two papers draw from the brief yet radical reform experiences of five countries-Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The first paper describes the financial sector reforms untertaken b...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The two papers draw from the brief yet radical reform experiences of five countries-Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The first paper describes the financial sector reforms untertaken b...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This paper analyzes a number of issues related to the development of financial markets in the previously centrally planned economies (PCPEs) of Eastern Europe. 1 Thes...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The reforms undertaken by the previously centrally planned economies (PCPEs) of Eastern Europe 1 in their transition to market economies are unprecedented in scale. A...

II Currency Convertibility

II Currency Convertibility »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

Convertibility of domestic into foreign currencies is an extremely important aspect of the reform process for the PCPEs because it helps them to move to world market prices and thereby to become...

II Recent Developments and the Role of the Financial Sector

II Recent Developments and the Role of the Financial Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section notes recent economic developments in the Eastern European countries, in particular, the sharp declines in output and real earnings. Among the reasons for the declines were the inev...

III Development of the Financial Sector

III Development of the Financial Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section describes the prereform financial system in the PCPEs and discusses the main reforms these countries have instituted to date in the banking sector. As a result of the reforms, the c...

III The Desirable Degree of Exchange Rate Flexibility

III The Desirable Degree of Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

Exchange rate flexibility and fixity are relative terms. Choices of exchange rate regime range from (1) commitment to a fixed rate, such as that implied by currency union or a currency board;...

IV Performance of the Banking Sector

IV Performance of the Banking Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

One of the key problems facing the newly constituted commercial banks is the poor quality of loan portfolios. This section discusses the problem and suggests several approaches for dealing with...