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Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Currency Crises and the Real Economy

Currency Crises and the Real Economy »

Source: Currency Crises and the Real Economy : The Role of Banks

Volume/Issue: 2001/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451846843

Keywords: currency crisis, foreign currency debt, balance sheet, banking, balance sheet effect, banking sector, currency crises, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper shows that the quality of banks within each country is one of the important factors that can account for the fact that developing economies tend to suffer more severe output contractions in the wake of a...

The Eurozone Crisis

The Eurozone Crisis »

Source: The Eurozone Crisis : How Banks and Sovereigns Came to Be Joined At the Hip

Volume/Issue: 2011/269

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925215

Keywords: sovereign spreads, stock market, eurozone, Bear Stearns, Anglo Irish, public debt, bonds, sovereign bond, debt ratios, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

We use the rise and dispersion of sovereign spreads to tell the story of the emergence and escalation of financial tensions within the eurozone. This process evolved through three stages. Following the onset of the...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement and Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Finland

Volume/Issue: 2007/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451813289

Keywords: debt, article, interest, budget

This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that growth in Finland has outpaced the euro area average. Inflation is among the lowest in the European Union, and the external current account and general government b...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/253

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506006

Keywords: fiscal sustainability, fiscal consolidation, public debt, taxation

The paper is an account of Finland's unexpected upcoming deceleration in the economy at the end of 2011 and later. The deleveraging of the financial sector and the debt crisis made the nation fear an inevitable rec...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : 2010 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Finland

Volume/Issue: 2010/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455207725

Keywords: debt, interest, deficit, financial conditions, financial sector

Owing to the high dependence of its exports on countries and commodities, Finland experienced the worst recession in the euro area. Executive Directors encouraged authorities to focus on improving bank cost efficie...

Finland: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Finland

Finland: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Finland »

Source: Finland : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/139

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498344708

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, fiscal adjustment, public debt, current account, public finances, Labor market reforsm,

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Finland's strong economic record has stalled. The economy has been in recession for three of the last five years, and unemployment is now more than 8 percent, with...

Finland: 2001 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Authorities of Finland

Finland: 2001 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Authorities of Finland »

Source: Finland : 2001 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Authorities of Finland

Volume/Issue: 2001/213

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451813166

Keywords: debt, interest, article, financial sector, revenues

Finland's performance has been impressive. In light of rapid population aging, a significant and durable increase in the employment rate is vital. To leave room for needed tax cuts on labor while maintaining suffic...

Finland: Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Finland: Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Source: Finland : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2005/35

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451813234

Keywords: debt, interest, article, public sector, deficit

The staff report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation on Finland highlights economic background and policy discussions. Sustained economic growth, among the highest in the industrialized world, has been underpinned...

Finland: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Finland: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Finland : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2005/35

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451813234

Keywords: debt, interest, article, public sector, deficit

The staff report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation on Finland highlights economic background and policy discussions. Sustained economic growth, among the highest in the industrialized world, has been underpinned...