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Annex I The Spillover Effects of Government Debt

Annex I The Spillover Effects of Government Debt »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1996 : Focus on Fiscal Policy

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755674

Keywords: debt, interest, inflation, deficits, public debt

Increasing capital market integration has expanded the markets in which governments can sell their debt. In principle, this provides greater scope for governments to smooth taxation and spending, and for cou...

Annex II Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment in the Middle East and North Africa

Annex II Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1996 : Focus on Fiscal Policy

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755674

Keywords: debt, interest, inflation, deficits, public debt

The economies of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region offer striking contrasts with considerable variations in per capita incomes and underlying economic structures. 1 M...

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In view of sizable variation in the level of sovereign assets across countries and over time, it is important to consider both gross and net debt when conducting analysis of fiscal policy and its sustainabil...

7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Taking all of these developments together, and viewed from the perspective of the Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map presented in the April 2011 Fiscal Monitor, there is an increasing divergence between developm...

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The progress in restoring fiscal buffers drawn on during the 2009 crisis in low-income economies has slowed, and many of these countries confront difficult trade-offs. Following some strengthening in 2010, h...

Determining the Value of a Financial Unit of Account Based on Composite Currencies: The Case of the Private ECU

Determining the Value of a Financial Unit of Account Based on Composite Currencies: The Case of the Private ECU »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 42 No. 1

Volume: 42

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451957068

Keywords: budget, debt, budget deficits, public debt, deficit

This paper provides a critical survey of the literature on politico-institutional determinants of the government budget. We organize our discussion around two questions: Why did certain OECD countries, but not othe...

Does Fiscal Policy Affect Interest Rates? Evidence from a Factor-Augmented Panel

Does Fiscal Policy Affect Interest Rates? Evidence from a Factor-Augmented Panel »

Source: Does Fiscal Policy Affect Interest Rates? Evidence from a Factor-Augmented Panel

Volume/Issue: 2013/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Salvatore Dell'Erba , and Sergio Sola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2013

ISBN: 9781484394502

Keywords: Real time data, Cross-sectional dependence, Heterogeneous panels, public debt, fiscal stance, budget deficits, fiscal variables, General, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Globalization: Macroeconomic Impacts

This paper reconsiders the effects of fiscal policy on long-term interest rates employing a Factor Augmented Panel (FAP) to control for the presence of common unobservable factors. We construct a real-time dataset...