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Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries »

Source: Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries : Progress, Challenges, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , Shengzu Wang , Joong Kang , Jay Shambaugh , Jörg Decressin , and Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498373814

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Euro Area, Current account deficits, Crisis, Current account, Rebalancing, Competitiveness, External stability, Labor market

Imbalances within the euro area have been a defining feature of the crisis. This paper provides a critical analysis of the ongoing rebalancing of euro area 'deficit economies' (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain)...

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Despite headwinds from sovereign and financial tensions, the recovery continues. But downside risks still loom large, and divergences across advanced Europe persist. To avoid a protracted period...

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Estimating Equilibrium and Excessive Imbalances To separate excessive imbalances from equilibrium imbalances and thereby understand how much rebalancing is needed, a simple empirical...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011)

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011) »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Country IMF Loan Size, Approval Date Key Objectives...

2. Emerging Europe: Underwriting a Solid Recovery

2. Emerging Europe: Underwriting a Solid Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Emerging Europe returned to growth last year, but performance varied widely across the region, reflecting the idiosyncratic legacies of previous boom-bust cycles. For 2011 and 2012, an economic...

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics : Many Paths to the Same Endpoint

Volume/Issue: 2013/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475594270

Keywords: current account deficit, transfer, income balance, competitiveness, domestic boom, export performance, current account, merchandise export, reer, export market

Explanations of the large current account deficits for the euro area periphery and the Baltics in the run up to the crisis revolve around two main factors: deteriorating export performance or demand driven booms. W...

3. Financial Integration, Growth, and Imbalances

3. Financial Integration, Growth, and Imbalances »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

In the run-up to the crisis, financial integration in Europe boosted investment and reduced saving in countries that previously had high interest rates. As capital inflows increasingly went into...

Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises

Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises »

Source: Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises

Volume/Issue: 2013/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484321898

Keywords: current account deficit, current accounts, current account surpluses

Current account deficits imply increasing liabilities to the rest of the world. External sustainability then depends on whether these can be met in the future without defaulting, i.e., normally through trade accoun...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Mauritius

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Mauritius »

Source: Mauritius : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/107

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484367582

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that with subdued international prices, inflationary pressures in Mauritius declined in 2013, despite the public sector wage increases. The unemployment rate was unchang...

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506488

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This collection of papers presents the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions focusing on economic development in the Republic of Latvia. Latvia successfully completed its EU-IMF-supported program in December 20...