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Acronyms

Acronyms »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

CAB cyclically adjusted balance CAPB...

Adopting Indirect Instructruments of Monetary Policy

Adopting Indirect Instructruments of Monetary Policy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451953190

Keywords: payment systems, central bank, payment system, payments, monetary policy

The design of payment systems has important implications for the conduct of monetary policy, the soundness of financial firms, and the functioning of the economy as a whole....

Aid Effectiveness: A Survey of the Recent Empirical Literature

Aid Effectiveness: A Survey of the Recent Empirical Literature »

Source: International Economic Policy Review, Volume 1

Series: International Economic Policy Review

Author(s): Paul Masson , Timothy Lane , and Padma Gotur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758644

Keywords: debt, inflation, recapitalization, interest, central bank

Author’s E-Mail Address: TTsikata@imf.org I. Introduction Notwithstanding substantial amounts of aid that many low-income countries have received over the last 20–...

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Energy subsidies are high in many emerging market economies and low-income countries because of limited pass-through of recent increases in international energy prices to domestic c...

Bank-By-Bank Credit Ceilings

Bank-By-Bank Credit Ceilings »

Source: Bank-By-Bank Credit Ceilings : Issues and Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1996/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitra Farahbaksh , and Gabriel Sensenbrenner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1996

ISBN: 9781451848373

Keywords: monetary control, banking, reserve requirements, central bank, monetary fund

Many central banks have abandoned credit ceilings in favor of monetary control frameworks based on indirect instruments. In the long run, ceilings limited competition, hampered the development of a money market, an...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

Budget Deficits and the Public Debt in Sweden: The Case for Fiscal Consolidation

Budget Deficits and the Public Debt in Sweden: The Case for Fiscal Consolidation »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 41 No. 3

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451973303

Keywords: payments, central bank, credit, monetary policy, monetary management

This paper focuses on the payments system reforms and monetary policy in emerging market economies in Central and Eastern Europe. The reforms in the payments system are viewed as closely interrelated with the devel...

Central Bank Autonomy

Central Bank Autonomy »

Source: Central Bank Autonomy : Lessons from Global Trends

Volume/Issue: 2007/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Martin Sommer , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866520

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, monetary fund,

We calculate indexes of central bank autonomy (CBA) for 163 central banks as of end-2003, and comparable indexes for a subgroup of 68 central banks as of the end of the 1980s. The results confirm strong improvement...

Central Bank Boards Around the World

Central Bank Boards Around the World »

Source: Central Bank Boards Around the World : Why Does Membership Size Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2006/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Tonny Lybek , and Volker Nitsch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865417

Keywords: committee, council, decision making, central bank, monetary fund, inflation,

This paper analyzes empirically differences in the size of central bank boards across countries. Defining a board as the body that changes monetary instruments to achieve a specified target, we discuss the possible...

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility »

Source: Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Volume/Issue: 2002/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855920

Keywords: Central bank losses, credibility, central bank, inflation, monetary fund, monetary policy

A central bank is financially strong if it possesses resources sufficient to attain its fundamental policy objective(s). Once endowed with those resources, relations between government and central bank should be de...