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Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

This appendix describes a variety of QFAs that have been practiced in IMF member countries. Its intent is to give a flavor of the many forms that such practices can take; the countries whose experience is ci...

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Uruguay The history of QFA in the central bank and certain other PFIs since the early 1970s 50 can be divided roughly into three periods: the first,...

Central Bank Autonomy

Central Bank Autonomy »

Source: Central Bank Autonomy : Lessons from Global Trends

Volume/Issue: 2007/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Martin Sommer , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866520

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, monetary fund,

We calculate indexes of central bank autonomy (CBA) for 163 central banks as of end-2003, and comparable indexes for a subgroup of 68 central banks as of the end of the 1980s. The results confirm strong improvement...

Household Credit, Global Financial Cycle, and Macroprudential Policies

Household Credit, Global Financial Cycle, and Macroprudential Policies »

Source: Household Credit, Global Financial Cycle, and Macroprudential Policies : Credit Register Evidence from an Emerging Country

Volume/Issue: 2018/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mircea Epure , Irina Mihai , Camelia Minoiu , and José-Luis Peydró

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338599

Keywords: Household credit, Romania, Europe, Central banks and their policies, macroprudential policies, global financial cycle, cross-border spillovers, General

We analyze the effects of macroprudential policies on local bank credit cycles and interactions with international financial conditions. For identification, we exploit the comprehensive credit register containing a...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Central banks and other public financial institutions (PFIs) play an important role as agents of fiscal policy in many IMF member countries. Their activities in this guise can affect the overall public secto...

II Basic Issues

II Basic Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

In many countries, some of the activities in which central banks and PFIs engage, as well as some of the regulatory requirements of central banks, can be said to take on a fiscal character. These quasi-fisca...

III Varieties and Economic Effects of Quasi-Fiscal Activities

III Varieties and Economic Effects of Quasi-Fiscal Activities »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

The quasi-fiscal activities of a central bank stem from its roles as regulator of the exchange system and regulator of the financial system. The QFA of other PFIs takes the form of interventions in the finan...

IMF Completes Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement for Romania

IMF Completes Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement for Romania »

Source: Romania : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation, Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2012/290

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475540765

Keywords: external debt, public debt, current account, central bank, current account deficit

Significant progress has been made in macroeconomic stabilization under two successive SBAs but the economic recovery remains fragile. Growth is expected to remain subdued in the near term and to only gradually rec...

IMF Completes Third Review Under Stand-By Arrangement for Romania

IMF Completes Third Review Under Stand-By Arrangement for Romania »

Source: Romania : Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Romania.

Volume/Issue: 2012/11

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463932510

Keywords: external debt, public debt, current account, central bank, debt sustainability, Fiscal reforsm,

This paper discusses key findings of the Third Review of Romania's economic performance under a program supported by a 24-month Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). The authorities are on track to achieve their 2011-12 defi...