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Benefits of Green Public Procurement

Benefits of Green Public Procurement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjørn Bauer , Ida Bode , and Tue Dyekjær-Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289319645

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Green Public Procurement (GPP), Private Sector, Sustainable Products and Services, Nordic Public Procurement, Strengthening GPP, Economy and national budget

Green Public Procurement (GPP) can play a significant a role in efforts to influence the private sector towards more sustainable products and services. Following an account of the environmental impact of Nordic pub...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1 »

Source: Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...

Chemicals and Development
			: Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management

Chemicals and Development : Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316668

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Explores the Social, Economic, Environmental and Health Benefits, Management of Chemicals, Sound Chemicals Management Systems, Economy and national budget

This report explores the social, economic, environmental and health benefits that can be achieved through sound management of chemicals. The report presents a series of case studies of initiatives to improve chemic...

Climate Policy: Costs and Design
			: A survey of some recent numerical studies

Climate Policy: Costs and Design : A survey of some recent numerical studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mads Greaker , Christian Grorud , Michael Hoel , and Ingeborg Rasmussen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318884

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Change, Climate Policies, Numerical Analyses, Costs of Reducing Emissions, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Economy and national budget

There is a large and growing literature focusing on economic issues related to climate change and climate policies. This report presents a discussion of some of the recent studies. The focus is on various numerical...

Currency Depreciation and Nonclearing Markets in Developing Economies

Currency Depreciation and Nonclearing Markets in Developing Economies »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 33 No. 2

Volume: 33

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1986

ISBN: 9781451946956

Keywords: international monetary fund, monetary policy, interest, budget, central bank

WILLIAM. white, who joined the International Monetary Fund in 1948, spent his entire professional life in the Research Department. Present and past staff members, many of whom benefited from his advice, have asked...

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses
			: An assessment of alternative methodological approaches

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses : An assessment of alternative methodological approaches »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll Taran Fæhn

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314428

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM), Nordic Emissions, Economy and national budget, Emissions from Firms, Economic Models, Emissions from Households

The Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) considers initiating a project with the purpose to identify the driving forces behind the development of Nordic emissions to air. Two approaches are under consideration: a back...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy
			: Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy : Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319201

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Investigates the Potential, Economic Instruments, Chemcials Policy, Instruments in Controlling Pollution, Chemicals Production, Economy and national budget

This report investigates the potential for increased use of economic instruments, not the least taxes and charges, in chemcials policy. It provides a conceptual discussion of the role of different market-based inst...

Effect of a Slowdown in Industrial Economies on Selected Asian Countries

Effect of a Slowdown in Industrial Economies on Selected Asian Countries »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 33 No. 2

Volume: 33

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1986

ISBN: 9781451946956

Keywords: international monetary fund, monetary policy, interest, budget, central bank

WILLIAM. white, who joined the International Monetary Fund in 1948, spent his entire professional life in the Research Department. Present and past staff members, many of whom benefited from his advice, have asked...