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Benefits of Green Public Procurement

Benefits of Green Public Procurement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjørn Bauer , Ida Bode , and Tue Dyekjær-Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289319645

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Green Public Procurement (GPP), Private Sector, Sustainable Products and Services, Nordic Public Procurement, Strengthening GPP, Economy and national budget

Green Public Procurement (GPP) can play a significant a role in efforts to influence the private sector towards more sustainable products and services. Following an account of the environmental impact of Nordic pub...

Chemicals and Development
			: Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management

Chemicals and Development : Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316668

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Explores the Social, Economic, Environmental and Health Benefits, Management of Chemicals, Sound Chemicals Management Systems, Economy and national budget

This report explores the social, economic, environmental and health benefits that can be achieved through sound management of chemicals. The report presents a series of case studies of initiatives to improve chemic...

Climate Policy: Costs and Design
			: A survey of some recent numerical studies

Climate Policy: Costs and Design : A survey of some recent numerical studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mads Greaker , Christian Grorud , Michael Hoel , and Ingeborg Rasmussen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318884

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Change, Climate Policies, Numerical Analyses, Costs of Reducing Emissions, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Economy and national budget

There is a large and growing literature focusing on economic issues related to climate change and climate policies. This report presents a discussion of some of the recent studies. The focus is on various numerical...

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses
			: An assessment of alternative methodological approaches

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses : An assessment of alternative methodological approaches »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll Taran Fæhn

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314428

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM), Nordic Emissions, Economy and national budget, Emissions from Firms, Economic Models, Emissions from Households

The Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) considers initiating a project with the purpose to identify the driving forces behind the development of Nordic emissions to air. Two approaches are under consideration: a back...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy
			: Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy : Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319201

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Investigates the Potential, Economic Instruments, Chemcials Policy, Instruments in Controlling Pollution, Chemicals Production, Economy and national budget

This report investigates the potential for increased use of economic instruments, not the least taxes and charges, in chemcials policy. It provides a conceptual discussion of the role of different market-based inst...

The Environment and Public Procurement
			: Common Nordic Procurement Criteria?

The Environment and Public Procurement : Common Nordic Procurement Criteria? »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314459

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Public Procurement, Environmental Considerations, Common Nordic Procurement Criteria, Economy and national budget, National Auspices, Nordic Environmental Labelling Scheme

In order to assist public procurement in facing up to environmental considerations, criteria have been developed in the Nordic countries over the last 15 years for a number of product groups both under national aus...

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings1

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings1 »

Source: Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Elif Arbatli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504477

Keywords: Sovereign Credit Ratings, fiscal performance, public debt, budget process, budget documents

This paper investigates the effect of fiscal transparency on market assessments of sovereign risk, as measured by credit ratings. It measures this effect through a direct channel (uncertainty reduction) and an indi...

Gender Budgeting - Integration of a gender perspective in the budgetary process
			: Part report: country reports

Gender Budgeting - Integration of a gender perspective in the budgetary process : Part report: country reports »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313964

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Welfare States, Budgetary Process, Gender Equality Budgeting, Budgetary Process, Finance Ministries

One of the Nordic Council of Ministers' long-term goals is to support the Nordic countries to mainstream a gender equality perspective into the national budget and budgetary process. A further aim is to ensure that...

Global carbon footprints
			: Methods and import/export corrected results from the Nordic countries in global carbon footprint studies

Global carbon footprints : Methods and import/export corrected results from the Nordic countries in global carbon footprint studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Glen Peters , and Christian Solli

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289321594

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Carbon Footprints, Economy and national budget, Climate Policy, Territorial Emissions, Emission Inventories, Carbon Leakage

There is increasing public, media and policy interest in the concepts of carbon footprints and the emissions associated with international trade. Many wonder if our growing consumption of imported products offsets...